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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

新目标初二上第1-6单元复习提要  

2008-01-22 14:18:44|  分类: 初二上第06单元 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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新目标英语八年级(上)半期考复习提纲(Unit1—Review of units1—6)

Unit1

1.       What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.

2.       What does she do on weekends? She often goes to the movies.

3.       How often do you exercise? Twice a week.

4.       always; usually; often; sometimes; hardly ever; never—行为动词前,be动词后

5.       every day              once a week                     twice a month                 

three times a week                 three or four times a month        

nine to ten times a week

6.       surf the Internet

7.       roller skating

8.       read English books     see/watch a film          look at me       see a dentist/doctor

9.       不定代词:all           most         some         no

10.   as for homework

11.   Here are the results of the student activity survey…

12.   do my/her/his/their/our homework

13.   不可数名词:food, fruit, milk 注意:vegetables是可数名词

14.   But my mother wants me to drink it. want sb. to do sth.

15.   She says it’s good for my health. be good for…         be bad for…

16.   junk food

17.   pretty(very) healthy       pretty good       pretty=very=quite

18.   come home from school

19.   My eating habits are pretty good.

20.   I try to eat a lot of vegetables.

try (not) to do…   tries(单三)—tried(过去式)         

a lot of=lots of 许多的+可数(不可数)名词

many+可数名词复数                 much+不可数名词

litte+不可数名词(一点,意思是几乎没有,相当于否定句)

a little+不可数名词(一点……具有肯定的意思)

few+可数名词复数(一些, 几个……意思是几乎没有,相当于否定句)

a few+可数名词复数(一些, 几个,具有肯定的意思)

20. I look after my health.        You must look after yourself and keep healthy.

21. health(n.)—healthy(adj.)

22. And my healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades. help sb. do sth.

23. Good food and exercise help me to study better. Help sb. to do sth.

24. Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different? What are the differences?

      the same as….(反) be different from…

      difference(n.)—different(adj.)

25. …and I think I’m kind of unhealthy. kind of=a little

26. So maybe I’m not very healthy, although I have one healthy habit.

27. A lot of vegetables help you to keep in good health.

Unit2

1.       talk about your health                        talk about…on…

2.       give advice

3.       What’s the matter (with you)? I have a cold/fever/a sore throat…

4.       I have a sore back. He has a stomachache.

5.       tooth—teeth(复数)

6.       lie down and rest

7.       see a dentist/doctor

8.       hot tea with honey

9.       drink lots of water           lots of=a lot of

10.   That’s a good idea.

11.   He shouldn’t eat anything. Something(肯)----anything(否)

12.   I’m not feeling well at the moment. =I don’t feel very well. at the moment =now

13.   When did it start?    About two days ago.

14.   That’s too bad.

15.   I hope you feel better soon.

16.   She is ill.        be ill           be ill in bed        an illness(n.)

17.   be tired/hungry/thirsty/stressed out          get tired

18.   listen to music

19.   go to the party

20.   traditional Chinese doctors              China—Chinese

21.   a balance of yin and yang                  a balance of…

22.   too much                 much too

23.   Chinese doctors believe that they should eat more yin foods like tofu.

24.  

形容词

形容词

It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.

It’s +形容词+不定式(to do…). 表示:“做……是……的”

a balanced diet              balance(n.)—balanced(adj.)

25. You should go to bed early for a few nights.

26. stay healthy(health), keep healthy(health)  联系动词: get, turn, keep, stay, feel, make, seem, 等要求后面跟上形容词作表语。

27. ask…for help              ask…for advice

28. try to do              need to do….         want to do     want sb.to do plan to do

29. host family

30. I’m sorry to hear that you’re not feeling well.

Unit3

1.       What are you doing for vacation? I’m babysitting my sister. be doing sth. 现在进行时,表示计划、安排做……  be going to do sth. 一般将来时,表示计划、打算做…..如:I’m going to play soccer this afternoon.

2.       spend time with friends

3.       go camping         go shopping

4.       go fishing

5.       go sightseeing

6.       go bike riding

7.       go hiking

8.       go to sports camp

9.       That sounds nice/interesting. sound连系动词,其后通常跟上形容词作表语。类似的连系动词有:feel worried         get tired                look young等

10.   Who are you going with?

11.   They’re relaxing at home.  be at home/school

12.   next week

13.   on Monday/Tuesday/…                          on the 13th   on weekends

14.   I’m going to Tibet for a week.           for+一段时间  表示动作持续多久,意思为“……了”如:for two weeks 两周了

15.   I’m going hiking in the mountain.

16.   How about you?=What about you?

17.   How long are you staying? Just for four days. How long是对动作持续时间提问,意思为:多长时间,多久?回答通常用for+一段时间表示

18.   I don’t like going away for too long. go away 离开 like doing 喜欢做……

19.   have a good time

20.   Show me your photos when you get back to school.  get back to…回到…..

21.   When is he going? He’s going on the 12th. When 什么时候、何时?月份、年份

22.   take walks

23.   rent videos

24.   How’s the weather like there?

25.   …is taking a long vacation this summer    take a vacation/take vacations 度假

26.   He thought about going to Greece or Spain, but decided on Canada. think about 考虑,思考,about是介词,其后的动词要加上ing形式 decide on决定

27.   in Europe

28.   This time I want to do something different. something different 不同的事情

29.   He is leaving the first week in June and staying until September.

30.   He plans to have a relaxing vacation. plan to do sth. 计划做……

31.   at night

32.   I can’t wait

33.   I just finish making my last movie. finish doing sth.

34.   I ask her about her plans.  ask…about…询问关于……

35.   I want an exciting vacation.

36.   She’s leaving for Hong Kong on Tuesday. Leave for…

37.   take with…带上……

Unit4

1.       How does Bob get to school? He takes the train.                                   

take the train/subway/bus/boat… take动词,表示乘坐……

2.       How long does it take? take 花费

3.       It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus.                        It takes+(sb.) +时间+to do…

4.       ride my/his/her bike 骑自行车

5.       Lin Fei’s home is about 10 kilometers from school. from 离……

6.       He gets up at six every day. get up 起床 at six在六点 every day 每天

7.       have/has a quick breakfast

8.       Then he leaves for school at around six-thirty. around=about大约

9.       the bus/train/subway station          the bus stop

10.   Then the early bus takes him to school. the early bus早班车 take sb. to+地点             带某人去某地 但注意:here/there/home前省略to

11.   How far is it from your home to school? It’s three miles.                 How far is it from…to….? 从……到…..多远?how far 提问距离,from…to…从……到……

12.   first…next…then…

13.   students around the world  around the world全世界

14.   in North America在北美洲

15.   …most students go to school on the school bus. on the school bus坐校车

16.   ride bikes to school=go to school by bike

17.   in other parts of the world 在世界其他国家

18.   In China, it depends on where you are.

19.   by boat/bus/subway/bike     by+交通工具,表示乘坐……注意by和交通工具之间不能使用a/an或the, my等词,如:不能说:by a bike 或by my bike

但可以说:on my bike

20.   注意替换:take the bus/train/subway to…=go to…by…例如: He takes the bus to school.=He goes to school by bus.=He goes to school on a bus.

注意不能说:I by bus to school. 因为by bus 是介词短语,不能充当谓语动词,作谓语必须是动词,只能说:I take the bus to school. 或I go to school by bus.

by bus只能和动词连用,如go to…by bus

21.   That must be more fun than taking a bus. 那一定比乘坐公共汽车有趣得多。

22.   In Japan, the three most popular ways of getting to school are bus, train and bike. way方式, of 介词,其后动词要加ing形式。

23.   A small number of students take the subway. a small number of…一小部分数量的

24.   How far do you live from school?

25.   What do you think of the transportation in your town?

26.   In China, bikes and buses are the most popular means of transportation. means of transportation 交通工具(方式)

27.   Can I help you? Yes, please. No, thanks.

28.   I need to see my friends. She’s ill in the hospital.

29.   in Chinese用汉语。in用

30.   Don’t worry.

31.   Let me look at your map.

32.   Thank you so much.

33.   If you have a problem, you can ask the police for help.

Unit5

1.       Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?

Sure, I’d love to. /I’m sorry (No), I can’t. I have to help my parents.情态动词can,“能”,have to,“必须,不得不”共同点:都是情态动词,其后要跟动词原形。不同点:have to 要受第三人称单数限制改为has to, 而can不受任何人称限制。

注意:Does she have to babysit her sister? Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t.

           Can she go to the mall? Yes, she can. No, she can’t.

2.       study for a test

3.       go to the doctor

4.       have a piano lesson

5.       go to my guitar lesson

6.       I have too much homework this weekend.

比较too much                                       too many

7.       That’s too bad.

8.       Maybe another time.

9.       Thanks for asking. thanks for…  for后常常是感谢别人的原因。for是介词,其后的动词要用ing形式。asking=inviting邀请

10.   When is it?

11.   Come and have fun.                    Come and join us.

12.   What’s today? It’s Monday the 14th.

13.   today,            tomorrow,       yesterday,          the day after tomorrow

14.   *Thank you for your invitation to visit next week.

15.   I have a really busy weekend.

16.   On Wednesday, I’m playing tennis with the school team.

17.   the whole day       the whole+n.

18.   I’m free till 22:00. be free有空。till直到……

19.   play soccer和play the piano球类前不用冠词,乐器前要用冠词如:play football/basketball/baseball/volleyball; play the piano/the violin/the guitar/the drum/the trumpet

Unit6

1.       He has shorter hair than Sam.

2.       He’s calmer than Sam.

3.       掌握形容词:本词                                    反义词

                            tall                                        short

                            thin                                      heavy

                            long                                     short

                            calm                                     wild

                            funny                                   serious

                            quiet                                     outgoing

                            smart                                    foolish

`                           athletic                                 weak

                            same                                    different

                            interesting/funny                   boring

                            friendly                                 unfriendly

4.       掌握单音节和双音节形容词的比较级:-er/-ier 及多音节形容词比较级more-

5.       本单元的多音节形容词比较:

more outgoing/serious/athletic/interesting/different/important/popular/friendly…

6.       本单元形容词去y为i的:funny—funnier, heavy—heavier, dry—drier

7.       形容词比较级需要双写的:thin—thinner, hot—hotter, wet—wetter等

8.       interesting adj. 有趣的,令人感兴趣的,如:an interesting man 有趣的人

an interesting story book for children一本有趣的儿童故事书

9.       Thank you for your last letter. last letter 上一封来信

10.   twin sister/brother注意不要用复数

11.   as you can see, in some ways we look the same,and in some ways, we look different. as就像…..一样,in some ways在一些方面,look the same看起来一样, look different看起来不同

12.   We both have black eyes and black hair. both专指两者,意思是“两个都”在句中的位置是be动词、情态动词后,行为动词前,类似的有all, also,often, sometimes, usually, never, still 等,如:Maria and her best friend are both tall.

13.   …although my hair is shorter than hers. although 不能和but连用

14.   However, we both enjoy going to parties. however然而,enjoy doing sth.喜欢做……

15.   Liu Ying and Liu Li have some things in common. in common 共有

16.   Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister.

…not as…as…与……不一样,不如……一样……的意思。

be good at=do well in…擅长于……,在……做得好,比较级是:be better at…

最高级是:be best at… 例如:He’s good at singing. be good at doing,擅长于做……

17.   注意:good—better—best    many(much)—more—most

18.   My friend is the same as me. be the same as……与……一样,反义词组为:be different from…     My friend is different from me.

19.   like to do the same things as me

20.   I think a good friend make me laugh.

make sb(宾格) laugh, 使某人发笑。make+sb.(宾)+形容词,表示使某人……怎样

21.   That’s not very important for me…

22.   Some friends have opposite views and interests. opposite+n.(复数),opposite=different  其后的名词要用复数。

23.   What’s your opinion?

24.   I like to have friends who are like me.

25.   I like to have friends who are different from me.

26.   I’m quieter than most of the kids in my class.

27.   There are some differences. different—difference(n.)

28.   Paul is never quiet! He can’t stop talking. stop doing 停止做……

29.   Two years ago, I was a primary school student.

Review of units1—6

1.       A part of your body beginning with “a”.

2.       The opposite of short.

3.       This is between your head and your body.

4.       I like reading books in my free time.

5.       She says it makes her sick.

6.       I feel terrible, doctor.

7.       I usually relax in my swimming pool.

8.       I’m very excited to be taking a vacation around China.

be+形容词+不定式(to do…)表示做某事是……的。

9.       Let me see.

10.   Why do you think so? Because she’s a good basketball player. play—player

11.   all together

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