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新目标初二上第12单元焦点教学辅导  

2008-02-04 15:21:33|  分类: 初二上第12单元 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

Unit 12 What's the best radio station?

单元焦点:

一、知识技能

  你能熟记下列短语和句型并熟练运用吗?

1.cut the rice

2、big screen

3.close to home 

4.Circle Theatre

5.radio station 

6.Bargain Barn

7、in the daytime

8. a clothing store

9.Ice and Snow Festival

10.do a survey of sb. about  sth

11.in the north/ south/ east/ west of China.

12.in a fun part of town

13.What’s the best cinema?

13.Showtime Cinema. It’s the cheapest.

14. Jason’s has good quality clothes. It’s better thanTrendy Teens.

 

二、文化背景,交际策略

1.. I think Circle Theater has the most comfortable seats .

我想(认为)弧形剧场座位最舒服。

(1).comfortable 是形容词,意为:“舒适的,安逸的”, 比较级和最高级分别加more 和 most。

a  comfortable bed 一张舒适的床     a comfortable job轻松的工作

副词是comfortably ,反义词是uncomfortable “不舒适的,不自在的”。名词是comfort “舒适,安逸”

(2).seat  n. 座位    sit  v. 坐下,坐

I have no seat to sit on.我没座位坐。

Please sit down.=Please take a seat.请坐下。

2.. The Famous People Talent Show was terrific .

Famous People Talent (名人天才)表演是非常棒的。

三、学法导引:

    1.本单元的语法重点是形容词比较级最高级构成, 我们在第六单元学习了形容词比较级的构成

那么我们今天进行复习并学习它的最高级构成。 除了形容词有比较级和最高级以外,还有副词。

.  2 语言目标 是Discuss preferences ; 讨论最喜欢的东西 和 Make comparison 做比较

知识链接

1. 形容词的比较级和最高级

  A. 我们都知道形容词的级有三个级。

(1)为原级比较:as ...as... 像...一样

如Zhang Hong is as tall as Tom. 张红和Tom一样高。

 (2)形容词的比较级(用于两者之间的人或事物的比较):其构成:形容词比较级+than ...

如:He is taller than I . 他比我高。

(3)形容词的最高级(用于三个或三个以上的人或事物的比较),其结构为the + 形容词的最高级+of / in ...

如:He is the tallest of the three . 他是这三个人中最高的。

He is the funniest in his class . 他是他们班最有趣的。

B. 形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。

(1)规则变化

<1>一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级+er , 最高级+est

如: clever-cleverer-cleverest  few-fewer-fewest  small-smaller-smallest等

<2>以e结尾的词,比较级+r,最高级+st即可

如: nice-nicer-nicest  cute-cuter-cutest   large-larger-largest

<3>以辅音字母+y结尾的变y为i+er或est

如: easy-easier-easiest   happy-happier-happiest

再如:early , busy , heavy , dirty , lazy . 也如此

<4>双写最后一个辅音字母+er或est的词同学要用心去记。

1. fat-fatter-fattest   2. thin-thinner-thinnest

3. hot-hotter-hottest   4. red-redder-reddest

5. wet-wetter-wettest   6. big-bigger-biggest

<5>多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词原级前+more构成比较级,+the most构成最高级。如:

beautiful -more beautiful - the most beautiful .

又如: delicious , popular , important , interesting , expensive ,creative等也是如此。

双音节的词如

careful-more careful -the most careful

useful -more useful -the most useful .

少数单音节词也是这样如:

pleased-more pleased -the most pleased   tired-more tried -the most tired

(2)不规则变化:

good—better—best   well—better--best

bad-worse worst     many, much—more—most

far-farther-farthest(距离远)   far—further—furthest(程度深)

old—elder(长幼)—eldest     old—older(年龄)--oldest

2..It is the closest to home. 那儿离家最近。

close  vt.关上,闭上     adj. 靠近的   adv.靠近

close to 离...近 ,形容词最高级前经常+定冠词\"the\"

Close the door ,please.请关门。

 3. It has the friendliest service . 它有最友好的服务。

friendly形容词,意为“友好的,亲切的”由”名词 +ly”构成的形容词,如;lone+ly孤独的  live+ly生动的, 比较级和高级变 y 为i 加er  或est.

be friendly to sb. “对某人友好”  be friendly with sb.“和某人关系好”,指两者的关系。

4. has good quality clothes . 有质量好的衣服。

quality 名词,意为“质量,质”。如:

poor quality质量很差   high quality高质量   low quality质量低劣

quality 作名词,还有“品质,特性,特质”意思。

Mr Green is a man with many good qualities.格林先生是一个有很多优点的人。

5. As for radio stations , most people think that Jammin\' 107.9 FM is really great

至于电台,大部分人认为杰调频 107.9 兆赫是真的很棒。

. as for 在此意为“至于,就…..而言”之意。

As for you, I never want to see you in Beijing again.至于你,我再也不想在北京见到你。

6.      Last week's talent show was a great success .

上周的天才表演真是非常成功。

success 是名词,它的形容词是successful \"成功的\" 动词是succeed

I don’t think it is a successful performance.我认为这不是成功的演出。

If you work hard, you will succeed.如果你努力,你就会成功。

7. What's the best clothing store in town ?镇上最好的服装店是哪个?

(1).clothing 是物质名词,是服装的总称,除衣裤外包括帽子、鞋袜等,没有复数形式,后面要单数谓语动词。

The summer clothing is cheap.夏装很便宜。

The shop sells children’s clothing.这家商店卖童装。

(2).clothes 统指身上的各种服装,包括上衣,裤子等,是复数名词,不能直接与数词连用,后面要接复数名词。

  Her clothes are beautiful. 她的衣服很漂亮。

Please put on your clothes.请穿上衣服。

(3). cloth 名词,意为“布,布料”

 a piece of cloth  一块布         three metres cloth三米布

8.The prize for the funniest act went to Steve Tan and his dog , Fido.

 最有趣表演奖给了Steve Tan 和他的狗Fido.

 9..The price of a hotel room is about 320 yuan a night .

 旅馆一个房间一晚上的价格大约在320元左右

10..Harbin is in the north of China .

 哈尔滨在中国的北部。

 表示方位的有二个介词。一个是in;一个是to。

  in the north 在北方 south 为南方,east为东方,west 为西方。

 in the north of China . 表示哈尔滨在中国境内

它属于中国。此时用介词in。

如果一个地方不在一个地方内,如日本和中国的方位怎么说呢。日本在中国的东部。因为日本不在中国境内,因此我们不能用介词\"in\",而用介词\"to\"。

Japan is to the east of China .

 11.There is an Ice and Snow Festival that lasts about six weeks .

有一个持续6周左右的冰雪节。

that lasts about six weeks 作Festival 的定语从句。

last是动词,表示\"持续\"。如雨持续了一周。The rain lasted a week .

12.Hotels usually cut their prices in winter . 旅馆通常在冬天里减价。

cut their prices . 降价、减价。

cut 作动词还有“切、割、削”之意。

This knife cuts well.这把刀切起来很快。

13.About 200 yuan a night is enough .

一晚上大约200元足够了。

enough 可以修饰名词也可以修饰形容词。

当它修饰名词时可放在名词的前边,也可放在后边。

如足够的水,enough water

当它修饰形容词或副词时,则放在它的后边。

如:足够大big enough . 不能说成enough big . ×

There is enough water (名)here . 这里有足够的水。

Your classroom is big (形)enough . 你的教室足够大。

 14. this is what we learned. 这是我们所了解到的结果。

在本句中不是“学习”的意思,而表示“了解到,获悉”。

I learned this from someone else.我是从别人那儿知道的。

 what we learned 在此作is 的表语,用来作表语的句子叫表语从句。要求用陈述句语序。

如:This is where I was born.      这是我住的地方。

That is why he left for Japan.那就是他去日本的原因。

 

解题点拨

 [例1]  This question is ________for me to answer. (重庆市中考试卷)

A.enough easy B.easy enough  C. enough good  D.enough hard

解析] 此题考查 adj.+ enough结构,故答案为 B.

[例2] .Xi’an is one of ________ capital ________ in China. (桂林市中考试卷)

A.older; city    B.the older; city    C.oldest; cities  D.the oldest; cities

  [解析] one of…….. 结构后接名词要用复数形式,最高级前要加,因而答案是D

 

同步练习:

一.写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级形式。

1.big ________ ________                                   2.cheap ________ ________

3.popular ________ ________                           4.close ________ ________

5.friendly ________ ________                           6.expensive ________ ________

7.good ________ ________                           8.bad ________ ________

9.boring ________ ________                         10.hot ________ ________

 

二.用所给词的正确形式填空。

1.The Yellow River is the second ________(long)river in China.

2.Do you have ________(many)books than Tom?

3.He drank ________(little)juice than you.

4.Tom is the ________(tall)of the two boys.

5.I think English is ________(interesting)of all the subjects.

6.The radio says it’ll be even ___________(cold)tomorrow.

7.Who is the __________(good)in physics in your class?

8.All the movie theaters are good, but the Big Screen Complex has ______________ (comfortable)seats.

9.I don’t want to go Jasper’s clothes store. It has the ________(bad)clothes in town.

10.What do you think is the ________(creative)of all the music video?

 

三、单词拼写:根据中文提示,补全单词

1.I’m glad our meeting is a great __________( 成功)。

2. It's a long _________(距离)from Beijing to Fujian.

3. The computer is too expensive. I don't have _________ (足够)money to buy it.

4.He is one of ______________(最滑稽)  actors.

5. Doing chores at home all day is very __________.(单调)

6. Jasper's has the_________(最友好的)service.

7. Hotels usually __________ (降低它们的价格) in winter.

8. I think Cride Theatre has _________________(最舒适的)seats.

9. The Art  Festival _____________(持续了大约10天).

10.Who ________(赢)the prize for the best performer last night?

 

四、单项选择

(    )1.If you do that, you’ll feel ________ soon.

A.more healthy B.more healthier  C.much healthy    D.much healthier

(    )2.Of all the students, Li Ming is ________ to Mr Wang.

A.close        B.closer     C.the closest   D.the most closest

(      ) 3.. Hong Kong is ____ the south of China, and Macao is _____ the west of Hong Kong.

A. in;to       B. to;to       C. to;in   D    . in;in

(     )  4. Jim is funnier than ______ in his class.

A. any other boy   B. any boy    C. any other boys   D. all the boys

(     )  5. The weather in Beijing is colder than ________.

A. in Hefei    B. Hefei        C. that in Hefei        D. that of Hefei

(     )  6. Kate often goes to work ______ breakfast.    It's bad for her health.

A. with         B. without        C. on            D. not have

(     )  7. -Can I ask you ______ questions?    -Sure.

A. any          B. much          C. some           D. a little

(     ) 8.  Most people like Jazz 107.9 FM, because it ______ very beautiful music.

A. gives         B. gets           C. takes          D. plays

(     )9. . -______ is the ticket?   -It's five yuan.

A. How many    B. How long        C. How far      D. How much

(    ) 10.________” dull” a positive word or a negative word?  Negative, I think.

A. Does    B. Is    C.Do          D.are

B组

一. 单句改错。

(     )1. This is(A) his(B) the best(C) book(D).

(     )2. . Mary  is (A)  the youngest (B)  in(C)  the three girls(D).

(     )3. Which(A) do you like(B) best(C), this one or(D) that one?

(      )4. Mike is(A) very(B) cleverer(C) than(D) Jack.

(      )5. Kate draws(A) best(B) of(C) her class(D).            

二. 阅读理解。.  

One day Mrs Wilson took Trudy and Ben to go shopping. They went to the supermarket in the new shopping mall(购物中心)."Why do you buy things here, Mum?" Trudy asked.  "Because they are cheaper than those at the corner store," Mrs Wilson said. "Help me check(检查) the prices." The Wilsons were not wealthy(富有的) and Mrs Wilson was always careful with her money. She looked carefully at the prices of things. She bought some groceries(杂货) in the supermarket. When they got home, the children said, "We don't think you saved(省) money by going to the supermarket there." "Of course I did," said Mrs Wilson, "everything was cheap there." "We know," said the children, "but we came home by taxi (出租车)because we had too much to carry. The cost(花费) of the taxi was more than the money you saved!" Mrs Wilson added(加) everything up and found her children were right. "Well done," she said, "next time we will do shopping near our home."

根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

(   )1. Mrs Wilson took Trudy and Ben ______.

A. to the supermarket B. to the zoo C. to the park D. to the museum

(    )2.Mrs Wilson bought things in the supermarket in the new shopping  mall

because ______.

A. goods there had good quality   B. there were many goods

C. goods(货物) there were cheap        D. goods there were expensive

(     )3. Which of the following is right?

A. The Wilsons were rich and they bought a lot of things in the supermarket.

B. The Wilsons were not rich and they bought things in a cheaper supermarket.

C. The Wilsons enjoyed shopping in the shopping mall because it was large.

D. The Wilsons were poor and they seldom went shopping.

(     )4.. Mrs Wilson went home ______.

A. by bus B. by minibus    C. by taxi D. on foot

(      )5.. Mrs Wilson decided to go shopping ______next time.

A. in the shopping mall far away  B. in the cheapest shop

C. in the most expensive shop    D. near her home

 

 

三.用方框所给词填空:

 

service  popular  survey  best  think  what  play  friendliest  and

   What do students____1____about fast-food restaurants in our city? We did a ____2____of the students in our school last week and this is___3____we learned. Most of the students think all fast-food restaurants are good, but the KFC is the____4____in our city. It has the most creative foodand and the best___5_____. However, McDonald’s is the cheapest ____6____ it has the funniest picture. It also___7____the most interesting music. The most__8_____ restaurant is the Pizza Hut.It has the most____9____ food and the___10_____ service.

 

任务型阅读:

从方框中选择正确的句子完成对话,其中两项为多余项。

Reporter: Hi, I'm doing a survey for the Bedford Daily News. ______(1)

Boy: I guess Jammin' 107 FM is the best.

  Reporter: Why?

Boy: ______(2) It's much better than the other stations in town.

Reporter: What about the other radio stations?

Boy: Well, I think Oldies 102.1 FM is very bad. ______(3)

Reporter: I heard that. ______(4)

Boy: Not for me.

Reporter: Why not?

Boy: ______(5) They're worse than the commercials of All Talk 970 AM!

A. Because it has the best clothing.

B. It has the worst music.

C. What's the best clothing store?

D. Because it has the most interesting music.

E. But easy Listening 979 is the most popular.

F. Just listen to their commercials.

G. What's the best radio station?

 

 

视野拓展:

国外月月有节日

一月 New Year’s Day        (Jan.1)新年

二月 Valentine’s  Day      (Feb.14)情人节

三月 Lady Day               (Mar.25)报喜节

四月 April Fools’Day           (Apr.1)  愚人节

五月 International Labour Day   (May 1)国际劳动节

     Mother’s Day               ( 2nd Sun.in May )母亲节

     World’s No Tocabbo Day     (May31) 世界无烟日

六月 (3rd. Sun.in Jun.) Father’s Day  父亲节

七月 Independence Day            (Jul.4) 美国独立日

八月 Lammas Day                   (Aug.1)  收获节

九月 The World                     (最后一个星期日)

     Federation of the Deaf        国际聋人节

十月 Halloween                    (Oct.31)万圣节

十一月 Thanksgiving Day           (.4th  Thur.in Nov)感恩节

十二月 Christmas Day               (Dec.25)圣诞节

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

答案:

 

Unit 12 What's the best radio station?

 

一.写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级形式。

.1.bigger  biggest  2.cheaper  cheapest  3.more popular  most popular 4.closer  closest  5.friendlier  friendliest  6.more expensive  most expensive 7.better  bettest  8.worse  worst  9.more boring  most boring 10.hotter  hottest

 

二.用所给词的正确形式填空。

.1.longest  2.more  3.less  4.taller  5.the most interesting 6.colder  7.best  8.the most comfortable  9.worst  10.most creative

 

三、单词拼写:根据中文提示,补全单词

1. 1success. 2. distance 3. enough 4. funniest 5. dull 6. friendliest 7. cut their prices 8. the most comfortable 9. lasted about 10 days 10. won

四、单项选择

 

1-5 DCAAC 6-10 BCDDB

 

B组

一. 单句改错。

1.B his 去掉 2.C in 改为 of  3.best改为  better 4.B very去掉   5.C of 改为 in 6.B to改为in

二. 阅读理解。.  ACBCD

三.用方框所给词填空:

1 think  2. survey  3. what 4. best 5. Service 6. and 7. plays 8. popular 9. delicious 10. friendliest

 

 

任务型阅读: GDBEF

 

 

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