注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

学好英语 改变人生

胜利一中英语教学博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

网易考拉推荐

新目标初二上第12单元三维目标要览及测试7  

2008-02-04 15:37:58|  分类: 初二上第12单元 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

三维目标要览

Unit 12 What’s the best radio station?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

本单元围绕“最好的电台”这一话题展开,学习一些单音节形容词、多音节形容词和特殊形容词的比较级和最高级形式;学习进行简单的比较,并表达自己的好恶;学习进行比较简单的调查。通过学习,培养学生的逻辑推论能力。

一、词组和短语要点

1. close to… 接近于……

2. Town Cinema 市电影院

3. Screen City 电影城

4. Movie Palace 影乐宫

5. Showtime Cinema 开映时段影院

6. Gold Theater 黄金剧院

7. do a survey of… 调查……

8. as for… 至于,就……方面说来

9. have lunch 吃午饭

10. places to do sth. 做……的地方

11. in winter 在冬季

二、语法要点

本单元主要学习形容词的最高级。

英语中,形容词与副词有三个比较等级,即原级、比较级和最高级。

1. 比较等级的含义

一般来说,表示“等于”时用原级。例如:  

I am as tall as my elder sister. 我和姐姐一般高。

表示二者比较时用比较级。例如:   

Yao Ming is taller than I. 姚明比我个子高。

表示“最……”时用最高级。例如:  

Yao Ming is the tallest in his basketball team. 姚明是他们篮球队中个子最高的一个。

2. 形容词最高级的构成

① 单音节形容词的最高级,在词尾加-est构成。例如:tall----- tallest

② 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的最高级,在词尾加-st构成。例如:wide ----- widest

③ 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的形容词的最高级,把y变成i,再加-est构成。例如:happy ----- happiest

④ 重读闭音节词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-est构成最高级。例如:big ----- biggest  thin ----- thinnest   fat ----- fattest

⑤ 多音节词和部分双音节词需在形容词之前加most构成最高级。例如:beautiful ----- most beautiful   difficult----- most difficult

⑥ 部分不规则变化的形容词,其最高级变化如下:

good/ well ----- best   bad/ill ----- worst   many/much ----- most    little ----- least    far ----- farthest/ furthest

3. 形容词最高级的基本用法

表示“……中最……”,用“最高级 + 比较范围”结构,比较范围为短语或从句。  例如:

This is the best picture in the hall. 这是大厅里最好的一幅画。

This is the best picture that he has ever painted. 这是他所画的画中最好的一幅。

4. 有关形容词最高级的两点特殊说明:

① 形容词的最高级前面一般加定冠词。例如: 

This is the most difficult book that I have ever read. 这是我所读过的最难的一本书。

② 最高级前面可以用far(很),by far(……得多),much(……得多)等词语表示不定程度。例如:

This book is by far the best. 这本书显然是最好的。

三、功能和话题要点

1. What’s the best radio station? 最好的广播电台是哪家?

这是表示比较的用语,其中best是形容词good的最高级,意思是“最好的”。注意,形容词的最高级前面通常加定冠词the。例如:

I think John's plan is best. 我认为约翰的方案最好。

2. It’s the closest to home. 它离家最近。

① 句中it作无人称动词的主语,表示距离。例如:

It's about 50 kilometers from here to my house. 从这儿到我家约有五十公里。

② 句中closest是形容词close的最高级。close to… 意思是“接近于……;在……附近”,其中close可用作形容词,也可用作副词,但to是介词,后接名词或代词。例如:

His house is close to the factory. 他家靠近工厂。(close是形容词)

They live close to the museum. 他们住在靠近博物馆的地方。(close是副词)

I hate people standing too close to me. 我不喜欢人们站得离我太近。(close是副词)

3. Can I ask you some questions? 我可以问你一些问题吗?

形容词some作“某些,若干,一些”解,可修饰复数可数名词或不可数名词,通常用在肯定的陈述句中,但也可以用在说话人希望对方给予肯定回答的疑问句中。例如:

I have some work to do this evening. 今晚我有些事要做。

Could you lend me some money? 借给我点钱好吗?

4. What’s the best clothing store in town? 城里最好的服装店是哪家?

⑴ 名词clothing意思是“衣服,衣着”,是衣服的总称,多用在谈论特种服装或买卖服装的场合。clothing没有复数形式,也不能直接和基数词连用,需要借助单位词表示量,如a piece of clothing“一件衣服”。用作句子主语,谓语动词用单数形式。例如:

a clothing store 一家服装店

Our clothing protects us from the cold. 衣服帮我们御寒。

The staff at this hotel wear uniform clothing. 这家饭店的员工穿统一的制服。

⑵ 注意clothing和clothes的用法区别。clothes也可作“衣服;服装”解,指全身的穿戴,是表示复数意义的名词。“一套衣服”习惯说a suit of clothes。例如:

I need some new clothes. 我需要一些新衣服。

I bought a suit of clothes. 我买了一套衣服。

5. Why do you think so? 你为什么这样认为?

句中so是副词,指前面刚说到的想法、行为、情形等,常用在动词hope(希望),think(认为),say(说)等之后。例如:

----- Will I need my umbrella? 我需要雨伞吗?

----- I don’t think so. 我不这样认为。

If you want to go home, just say so. 如果你想回家的话,尽管说。

6. We did a survey of our readers and this is what we learned. 我们在读者中做了一个调查,这是我们所了解到的情况。

① do a survey of… 意思是“对……做调查;对……进行民意测验”,同carry out a survey of…,其中介词of后面多接名词或代词。例如:

We did a survey of parents in the village. 我们对这个村里的父母进行了调查。

② 句中动词learn意思是“得知,获悉”,后面可接名词、代词或从句。例如:

We learnt the news this morning. 我们今天早晨得悉这一消息。

I learned from his letter that he was in Spain. 我从他的信中得知他正在西班牙。

③ what we learned 是连接代词what引导的表语从句,和系动词is构成系表结构。例如:

This is just what we need. 这正是我们所需要的。

7. All the movie theaters are good, but the …. 所有的电影院都很好,但……

all意思是“都”,用于三个或三个以上的人或事物,也可用于不可数的事物。

⑴ 句中all是形容词,后面可接复数可数名词或不可数名词,名词前可有定冠词、形容词性物主代词或指示代词,也可没有。例如:

All animals have to eat in order to live. 所有的动物都得吃东西才能活下去。

Have you done all your homework? 你做完你的作业了吗?

⑵ all还可用作代词,常和介词of短语连用,后接带定冠词、形容词性物主代词或指示代词的复数可数名词、不可数名词或宾格人称代词。例如:

I know that all is well with her. 我知道她一切都好。

Have you drunk all of the milk? 你喝完牛奶了吗?

All of us are from the U.S.A. 我们都来自美国。

⑶ 此外,all还可用作主语的同位语,置于系动词之后、实意动词之前。谓语有几部分组成时,放在第一部分之后。例如:

My parents and I are all teachers. 我父母和我都是老师。

We all have black eyes. 我们都长着黑眼睛。

They are all leaving for Beijing next week. 他们都是下周动身去北京。

8. Think of three places to have lunch near your school. 想出三个在你们学校附近吃午饭的地方。

动词不定式短语to have lunch限制修饰名词places作定语,再如:

something to drink 喝的东西

something to eat 吃的东西

something to say 要说的话

something to do 要做的事

a chair to sit on 可坐的椅子

a lake to swim in 游泳的湖

9. How much is a meal? 一顿饭多少钱?

⑴ how much意思是“多少”,常构成“How much is/ are + 名词?”句式来询问价钱。例如:

How much is bed and board? 住宿费和伙食费共多少钱?

⑵ 此外,how much还可以构成其他一些搭配,用来询问价钱。例如:

How much does that bag cost? 那个书包要多少钱?

How much did you pay? 你付了多少钱?

10. My sister Isabel is the funniest person I know. 我姐姐伊莎贝尔是我所知道的最有趣的人。

I know是省略了关系代词that的定语从句,限制修饰名词person。例如:

This is the most interesting book (that) I have read. 这是我读过的最有趣的一本书。

11. Last week’s talent show was a great success. 上周的才艺表演非常成功。

① last week’s是名词last week的所有格形式。名词所有格表示人或物的所有及领属关系,在句中作定语。所有格的构成有两种形式,一是在名词的词尾加上 ’s,一是用“of+名词”短语,前者通常用于有生命事物的名词,也可用于表示时间、距离、天体等无生命事物的名词。例如:

Lu Xun’s works 鲁迅的作品

five minutes’ walk  步行五分钟的路程

China’s population 中国的人口

② 句中success意思是“成功的事”,也可指“成功的人”,这时可以和不定冠词连用。例如:

The film was a great success. 这部电影拍得非常成功。

She was a success as an actress. 她是位成功的女演员。

此外,success还可用作不可数名词,意思是“成功”。例如:

Success isn't everything, you know. 你知道,成功不代表一切。

12. Who do you think is the funniest actor? 你认为谁是最有趣的演员?

本句是一个含有宾语从句的主从复合句,主句是do you think,宾语从句是who is the funniest actor。一般情况下,引导宾语从句的词置于从句之首,但当主句是do you think时,通常把连接代词或连接副词置于do you think之前。例如: 

What do you think he is? 你认为他是做什么的?

Where do you think it is? 你认为它在哪儿?

13. We need some more actors for the talent show. 我们还需要几个演员参加才艺表演。

句中more是形容词,作“另外的,附加的”解,修饰可数或不可数名词,常和some及数词连用。例如:

If you still feel hungry, there is more food in the kitchen. 如果你还饿,厨房里还有东西。

We need five more chairs. 我们还需要5把椅子。

14. It doesn’t often rain or snow. (这里)不经常下雨,也不经常下雪。

⑴ 句中or是并列连词,意思是“也不”,但只能用于否定句中。例如:

Mary never skis or skates. 玛丽从不滑雪,也不溜冰。

⑵ 此外,or还可作“或者;还是”解,用来连接两个并列成分或并列句。例如:

Either you or I am to go. 你我之间总有一个人要去。

Either you are to go or I am to go. 你我之间总有一个人要去。

You may spend two or three days there. 你可以在那里呆上两三天。

15. About 200 yuan a night is enough. 一晚大约200元足够了。

⑴ 句中enough是形容词,意思是“足够的,充分的”,可作表语或定语。例如:

We have enough chairs for everyone. 我们有足够的椅子让大家坐。

⑵ 此外,enough还可用作副词,意思是“足够地,充分地”,修饰形容词或副词,置于这些词之后。例如:

They cannot walk fast enough. 他们走得不够快。

I'm old enough to handle my own affairs. 我已经长大了,可以处理我自己的事情。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

经典试题解析

很重要哦!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

例1   ________ your help, I can’t get the information about Hawaii easily. (2005,吉林省,1分)  

A. With       B. Without      C. Under      D. Below

B。本题考查介词的用法。句意:没有你的帮助,我就不能那么容易地得到夏威夷的资料。表示“在……的帮助下”用固定短语with the help of…,这样正确答案排除了选项C和D。根据句意,正确答案显然选B。

例2   It’s seven o’clock in the afternoon, but they are ________ having a meeting. (2005,海南,1.5分)

A. already     B. still     C. yet     D. ever

B。本题考查几个副词的用法。句意:已经是傍晚7点钟了,但他们仍然在开会。选项A意思是“已经”;选项B意思是“仍然”;选项C意思是“还,尚”,但通常用在否定句或疑问句中;选项D意思是“曾经”,显然符合句意的是B。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

单元练习

 

 

 

 

 

【基础巩固】

 

I. 根据下列所给句子及所给汉语注释,在相应题号后面的横线上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空一词)

1. We're not rich but we're very ________(舒适的).

2. We usually have three ________(一餐)a day.

3. Liu Xiang is a great ________(成功)as a sportsman.

4. Hebei Province is in ________(北方的)China.

5. There is a lot of ________(雪)in Heilongjiang Province.

6. She looks ________(可爱的)in white.

7. They went to the theater ________(一起).

8. Of all the students, I ran ________(最远).

9. The post office is quite ________(近的).

10. The rich young woman has an ________(安逸的)life.

II. 单项选择

1. It is ________ to work out this problem. You don’t need to ask the teacher for help.

A. enough easy      B. enough easily      C. easy enough      D. easily enough

2. It’s ________ to teach a man fishing than to give him fish.

A. more      B. better      C. good      D. best

3. ----- Do you like English?

----- Yes. But I think it’s ________ subject of all.

A. the easiest      B. the most difficult      C. the most interesting      D. the most boring

4. The world is becoming smaller and smaller because the Internet brings us ________ .

A. the close     B. closer    C. the closer    D. close

5. It snows ________ in Beijing than in Wuhan.

A. more often      B. often      C. most often      D. oftener

6. This is not my watch. Do you know ________ it is?

A. what      B. which      C. who       D. whose

7. Han Mei asked his mother to give her ________ mooncakes.

A. two more      B. two many     C. two much     D. more two

8. ________ do you think it is from Beijing to Shijiazhuang?

A. How long      B. How far     C. How much     D. How old

9. I had to buy ________ these books because I didn’t know which one was the best.

A. both     B. none     C. neither     D. all

10. ----- Could you tell me what you think about Hainan?

----- Oh, if you get a chance ________ there, take it.

A. going     B. gone     C. go     D. to go

III. 根据对话内容,选用适当的句子填空,使对话完整有意义。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reporter: Hello, I’m a reporter from the radio station. I’m doing a survey.    1    

Amber: Sure.

Reporter: Do you like watching movies?

Amber:    2    And I watch them once a week.

Reporter: So what do you think is the best movie theater in town?

Amber: Jinzonglu(金棕榈)Cinema, I think.

Reporter:    3    

Amber: Town Cinema and Movie Palace are good, but Jinzonglu Cinema has the biggest screens and the most comfortable seats.

Reporter:    4    

Amber: Very far. But it is convenient(方便的)to take the subway.

Reporter: OK, that’s all. Thank you.

Amber:    5    

1. _____  2. _____  3. _____  4. _____  5. _____ 

IV. 完形填空

There are    1    of ants(蚂蚁)in America.    2    kind is very strong. Animals are afraid of it, and people are afraid of it,    3    .

  These ants move    4    large groups. They eat all the animals    5    their way. They can kill and eat elephants,    6    they can eat wooden houses. Sometimes they    7    kill people. When the ants    8    , people leave their homes. But people    9    are glad after the ants pass through,    10    they can see no insects(昆虫)or snakes.

1. A. many kinds     B. few kinds     C. much kind     D. all kinds

2. A. Some     B. One     C. Any     D. All

3. A. also     B. still     C. either     D. too

4. A. in     B. with     C. on     D. for

5. A. around     B. on     C. above     D. under

6. A. but     B. and     C. because     D. for

7. A. even     B. never     C. ever     D. either

8. A. leave     B. move away     C. come near     D. get away

9. A. never     B. sometimes     C. always     D. often

10. A. so     B. because     C. till      D. and

V. 阅读理解

                             (A)

One of the animals that help people most is the dog. In some countries, dogs pull(拉)wagons(货车)the way our horses do. In the cold lands of the North, dogs pull sleds(雪橇).

There are other ways that dogs help us, too. Policemen use them to look for missing(失踪的)people. Soldiers(士兵)use them to carry letters and medicines(药).

On farms, dogs look after the sheep. They keep them together in the fields(地). At night, they take the sheep home.

Dogs help blind(瞎的)people, too.

Different dogs do different kinds of work. Some are good at one kind. Some are good at another. Do you know what kind of dog takes care of sheep?

1. Dogs are ________.

A. useful(有用的)     B. careful     C. cheap     D. expensive

2. In the North, dogs are used to pull ________.

A. horses     B. carts     C. sleds     D. trucks

3. In the cold lands of the ________, dogs pull sleds.

A. North     B. South     C. East     D. West

4. What do dogs carry for soldiers? ________.

A. They carry lost people     B. They carry enemy soldiers(敌兵)   C. They carry doctors and medicines     D. They carry letters and medicines

5. The whole story is about ________.

A. finding lost people     B. horses     C. pulling sleds     D. how dogs help people

 

                          (B)

Mrs Green and Mrs White were old women. Mrs Green lived on one side of the street, and Mrs White lived on the other side with her monkey. Mrs Green hated Mrs White, and Mrs White hated Mrs Green.

Last Sunday Mrs Green went across the road and said to Mrs White, “You always sit at your window and look out. Go away from your window, and put your monkey there, for the neighbours like the monkey’s face better than yours.”

Mrs White looked at Mrs Green for a few seconds(秒)and then said, “I did that yesterday morning, Mrs Green. You were at the shops then. One of our neighbours saw the monkey in the window. She stopped and said, ‘Good morning, Mrs Green. When did you come and live on this side of the street?’”

1. Mrs Green and Mrs White were ________.

A. friends     B. enemies     C. neighbours     D. shop assistants

2. ________ often sat at the window and looked out.

A. Mrs Green     B. Mrs White     C. The monkey     D. Mrs White and the monkey

3. Which is right? ________.

A. Mrs Green invited Mrs White to go for a walk

B. Mrs White invited Mrs Green to visit her house

C. Mrs Green asked Mrs White to go away from her window

D. Mrs Green asked Mrs White to go out with her monkey

4. Who is cleverer? ________.

A. Mrs Green     B. The neighbour     C. The monkey     D. Mrs White

VI. 根据汉语意思,完成下面句子翻译,每空一词。

1. 城里最好的服装店是哪儿?

________ is ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ town?

2.  你的裙子多少钱?

________ ________ ________ your skirt?

3. 你认为谁是最好的男演员?

________ ________ ________ ________ is the best actor?

4. 我们有足够的椅子让大家坐。

We ________ ________ chairs for everyone.

5. 石家庄的冬天很冷。

________ winter ________ ________ ________ ________ in Shijiazhuang.

VII. 单句改错

1. He is not friend to his neighbours.

___________________________________________________________

2. Now he has his family in Manchester(曼彻斯特).

___________________________________________________________

3. What do you think over the weather here?

___________________________________________________________

4. Danny’s house is closest.

___________________________________________________________

5. Let’s to go there.

___________________________________________________________

6. In Sanya, it’s already warm in winter.

___________________________________________________________

7. Sanya has beautiful beach.

___________________________________________________________

8. He wore his coat and went out.

___________________________________________________________

9. I think it is the most bored TV show.

___________________________________________________________

10. Can I ask you some question?

___________________________________________________________

 

【思维扩展】

VIII. 任务性阅读

阅读下面短文,然后填写表格。

Rodgers and Simon were Americans. Once they travelled in Spain(西班牙). One day they came into a little restaurant for lunch. They did not know Spanish(西班牙语), and the waiter did not know their American English, either. They wanted the waiter to understand that they asked for some milk and bread. At first Rodgers read the word “milk” many times. Then Simon spelled(拼写)it on the table. But the waiter could not understand them at all. At last Rodgers took out a piece of paper and began to draw a cow. The waiter looked at it and ran out of the restaurant.

   “How clever you are!” Simon said to Rodgers, “He understood us at last!”

  After some time, the waiter come back, he brought no milk with him, but took two tickets for a bull-fight(斗牛)down on their table!

 

 

Travel in Spain

 

Who:

① ________ and ________

Where they are from:

② ________

Where to have lunch:

in a ③ ________

What they wanted to eat:

④ ________ and ________

What the waiter brought to them:

⑤ ________ for a bull-fight

 

 

IX. 书面表达

根据提示,写一篇介绍你们学校的短文。

1. 学校有2000多名学生

2. 学校很大,有几幢高楼

3. 到处是花草树木

4. 有一个很大的操场,学生们可以进行各种体育活动

5. 老师很好,像父母一样

6. 我爱学校

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(1561)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018