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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

Beautiful bridges  

2008-04-08 17:04:50|  分类: 说东道西 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The World’s Most Breathtaking Bridges

Millau Viaduct, France

The state-of-the-art Millau Viaduct in southern France is the tallest vehicular bridge in the world, with a roadway nearly 900 feet in the air. The cable-stayed design gives the bridge the appearance of a row of sailboats at sea, and the masts rise up 1,125 feet—higher than the Eiffel Tower.

Puente de Alamillo, Spain

The remarkable Puente de Alamillo crosses the Guadalquivir River to connect Seville with the island of La Cartuja. Spain commissioned renowned architect Santiago Calatrava to construct the bridge in preparation for Expo ’92; his design is said to draw themes from birds in flight and Viking longships.

Kintai-kyo, Japan

Constructed in the small town of Iwakuni in 1673 after every previous bridge had been destroyed by the Nishiki River’s seasonal flooding, the five wooden arches of the Kintai-kyo (Kintai Bridge) remained intact until a typhoon washed away the span in 1950. It was reconstructed three years later and has been successfully maintained ever since.

Sydney Harbor Bridge, Australia

One of the world’s most massive bridges, the Sydney Harbor Bridge combines with the nearby Sydney Opera House to form an iconic image of Australia. The bridge spans the harbor and is a popular tourist destination, even offering visitors the opportunity to climb to the top of the bridge’s south end.

Golden Gate Bridge, California

The second-longest suspension bridge in the United States, the iconic Golden Gate Bridge spans the opening of San Francisco Bay. The bridge was a tremendous feat of engineering at the time of its construction, and several groundbreaking techniques were pioneered during the project.

Pont Neuf, France

The first stone of the Pont Neuf in Paris was laid by King Henri III in 1578, though the famous bridge was not completed until 1607. It is one of the world’s most well-known bridges. The original wooden pilings that support the foundations still remain, and, though the structure has never been altered, major restorations that began in 1994 were completed in 2007 in conjunction with the bridge’s 400th anniversary.

San Diego-Coronado Bridge, California

Connecting the cities for which it’s named, the five-lane San Diego-Coronado Bridge opened in 1969. The bridge, designed exclusively for motor-vehicle traffic, was built to a maximum height of 200 feet in order to accommodate large vessels from the Naval Base San Diego just south of the bridge.

Vasco da Gama Bridge, Portugal

Lisbon’s Vasco da Gama Bridge is, at 10.7 miles, the longest bridge in Europe. Its opening on March 29, 1998, coincided with the 500th anniversary of Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama’s discovery of a sea route from Europe to India. It crosses the Tagus River just outside the capital city.

Tower Bridge, England

Tower Bridge, which crosses the Thames in London, is named for its two distinctive towers and was opened in 1894 after eight years of construction. The bridge’s combined bascule and suspension design allowed river traffic without stopping foot traffic, which can still climb the towers and cross an upper walkway when the bridge is open. The attractive towers, with their exteriors of Cornish granite and Portland stone, have made the bridge a favorite stop for visitors to London.

Bridge of the Americas, Panama

The beautiful Bridge of the Americas was the only permanent bridge over the Panama Canal from its construction in 1962 until the opening of the Centennial Bridge in 2004. The bridge, a truss arch design, towers 384 feet above sea level, allowing massive ships to travel up the canal.

Oberbaumbrücke, Germany

A Berlin landmark, the Oberbaumbrücke crosses the River Spree. Its original construction dates back to 1732, when it was a drawbridge, and the current design was completed in 1896. From the mid-1950s through the end of the Cold War, the bridge was a border between East and West Berlin, and vehicle traffic ceased. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Oberbaumbrücke has become a symbol of German unity.

Zakim Bridge, Massachusetts

The Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge, commonly referred to as the Zakim Bridge, was part of Boston’s Big Dig project. The cable-stayed design, which makes the supporting towers look like giant legs straddling the road below, has led some locals to refer to it jokingly as the “Bill Buckner Bridge,” after the former Red Sox first baseman whose error in the 1986 World Series helped cost the team the championship.

Zakim Bridge, Massachusetts

The Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Memorial Bridge, commonly referred to as the Zakim Bridge, was part of Boston’s Big Dig project. The cable-stayed design, which makes the supporting towers look like giant legs straddling the road below, has led some locals to refer to it jokingly as the “Bill Buckner Bridge,” after the former Red Sox first baseman whose error in the 1986 World Series helped cost the team the championship.

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