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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

Unit 5 The Silver Screen--语言知识  

2008-06-24 21:27:14|  分类: 高中英语(人教修 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 5

1.       biography 传记  autobiography自传 autograph 亲笔签名

a book autographed by the author

2. interview  interviewer, interviewee

journalist, reporter

press conference, spokesman

3. later on

4. graduate n.& v. graduation undergraduate大学生 postgraduate研究生

  graduate institute 研究所 after graduation

be graduated from

5. award & prize

  award n.& v.颁发,授予,赏与 奖项prize n.    奖品,奖金,赠品

  e.g.  win many prizes

awards for the best production, performance, direction

You have been awarded a prize for good conduct.

He was awarded the first prize.

The gold medal was awarded to Li Ning.

6. during/ in the 1980s    in one’s fifties

7. marry v.    marriage n.   wedding ceremony

  married or single     be married to

  eg.Tom married Mary.

    Tom was married to Mary.

Tom and Mary were/got married in 2003.

Tom and Mary have been married for ten years.

8. can’t help doing禁不住

  eg. I couldn’t help jumping with joy at the news.

9.owe ①欠

eg. I owe him 5 yuan which he lent me last week.

②感激,归功于owe …to

eg. She owes her success to good luck..

   I owe you many thanks.我该好好谢谢你。

10Couple    a couple of days    a couple of minutes

11. not only /just…but (also)…

   eg. Not only you but I was late.

Not only does he like English but also I like it.

Not until he came back did I leave.

He has never been to Beijing.

Neither have I.

12.work as a teacher/ an actress

   work on a career

13.win   winner

   win over war

win a prize/ a scholarship /an honor

I am honored to be given this opportunity to give you a lesson..

May I have the honor to invite you to dance?

You are an honor to our school.

   win fame and fortune名利双收

   win sb. sth.为某人赢得

eg. Jackie Chan’s Kungfu won him a place in Hollywood.

14 afraid     I’m afraid so.

I’m afraid not.

be afraid of sb./ sth.

be afraid to do sth. /doing sth.不敢做某事

be afraid that clause 担心某事

eg. I am afraid to go out/ of going out alone at night.

   I’m afraid (that) I can’t agree with you.

15. go wrong / bad / mad / sour

16. 复合词

    meat-eating animals

English-speaking countries

peace-loving people

far-reaching proposals

far-seeing leaders

deep-set eyes

deep-rooted concept

 

a well-known director

man-made satellites

follow-upsas follows

  grown-ups

  passers-by

  sisters-in-law

17. afford  v. 提供得起 常与can, could, be able to搭配

   eg. We can’t afford to go on a holiday this summer.

   offer sb. sth. eg. offer you an opportunity

   offer to do sth. eg. I offered to lend you some money.

   supply sb. with sth. supply sth. to sb.

   provide sth. for sb.provide sb. with sth.

18.  ask sb. for help

turn to sb. for help

refer to sb.

19. put up 搭起,张贴,提供食宿

   put on 穿戴

   put offpostpone

   put away 放好,储存

   put forward.提出

20. take off

   take sth. for example

   take on hire employ

take on a new look

   take in understand cheat

   take …for eg. I took you for Jack.

   take one’s own life eg. Jack London took his own life.

21. As chance would have it.无巧不成书,无独有偶

   So far, so good.到目前为止,一切良好

分词做时间状语

During the 1980s and 1990s she won many more prizes while acting in famous films… (Para. 2 ,P30)

After acting in many cheap films for a few years, he was asked to play a role in the film Speed in 1994.(P30)

After studying English, he got a small job at a film studio.(Para.2,P31)

When asked about the secret of his success, Steven Spielberg said that he owes much of his success and happiness to his wife and children.(Para.3,P32)

Before coming to America, Jackie Chan made his career in Hong Kong.(Para.2,P112)

省略从句主语的前提是:前后主语一致,主动→现在分词,被动→过去分词。例

1.____ to 100, water will boil.

A.Being heated            B. Heated

C.Heating                 D. Having heated

2._____ with this, John tried to find a better way to settle the problem.

A.Not being satisfied   

B. Not satisfied

C.Being not satisfied   

D. Not having satisfied

☆分词做定语

Notes: being done 一表被动,二表进行,即表示一个正在进行的被动的动作。

e.g 1.The building being built is for the teachers in our school.

2. Many things ____ impossible in the past might be quite common today.

A.considered            B. to be considered

C.considering            D. being considered

3.The first textbooks _____ in English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.

A. having been written          B. to have been written

C.written                     D. being written

4.When autumn comes, the ground is usually covered with ____ leaves.

A. falling       B. being fallen

C.fell          D. fallen

 

     Notes: 作定语时,现在分词表主动,过去分词表被动,不定式表将来。

     表被动的done, being done, to be done的区别:

done表过去;being done一表被动二表进行二者缺一不可;to be done表示将来

e.g I’ll take part in the sports meeting to be held next week.

分词的完成式、不定式的完成式都不能做定语。

 

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