登录  
 加关注
查看详情
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

学好英语 改变人生

胜利一中英语教学博客

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

Unit3 Art and architecture--知识点总复习学案之三  

2008-08-03 08:07:57|  分类: 高中英语(人教修 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

高二人教修订上Unit 3 知识点复习学案之三

19. Frank Lloyd Wright, who built an art museum in New York, found himself inspired by Japanese Seashells. 弗兰克·劳埃德·赖特在纽约建造了一家艺术博物馆,他发现日本的海贝壳使自己受到了启发。(p. 20 Reading 第四段 第3)

(1) find oneself...“发现自己(处于某种状态),不自觉地……”其后可以接现在分词、过去分词、介词短语等。① He found himself more and more interested in her. 他发现自己对她越来越感兴趣。② He found himself walking in the direction of the school. 他不自觉地朝着学校走去。③ Then he found himself surrounded by a group of boys. 他发现自己被一群男孩子围着。④ Suddenly I found myself face to face with my boss. 突然我发现自己与我的老板面对面。⑤ She found herself out of condition that day. 她发现自己那一天身体不太好。

(2) inspiredinspire的过去分词,在此修饰found的宾语himself,表示被动的含义。

20. Seen from the top, it looks as if the stadium is covered by a gray net of steel, and it looks just like a bird's nest made of tree branches. 从顶部看,体育馆好像是覆盖着一张灰色的钢网,看起来正像是用树枝搭成的鸟窝。(p. 20 Reading 第五段第2)

(1) see “,由其构成的过去分词短语在句中作状语,它与句子的主语it (the stadium) 存在被动关系。又如: ① Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks very beautiful. 从山顶看,这座城市看起来很美。② Followed by a group of students, the professor entered the lab. 教授由一群学生陪着走进了实验室。③ Heated, water will turn into vapor. 水受热就会变成水蒸气。④ Inspired by what he said, we were determined to study harder. 在他的话的鼓舞下,我们决心去更加努力地学习。⑤ Given more time, we could have done it better. 如果给我们的时间多一点,我们会做得更好。

【比较】现在分词短语作状语时,该分词所表示的动作是主句的主语发出来的,即它与主语间存在着主动关系。① Not knowing his address, I can't write to him. 由于不知道他的地址,我无法给他写信。② Looking out of the window, I saw my head teacher talking with someone.我向窗外望去,看见我的班主任在与人谈话。

(2) made of tree branches=which is made of tree branches 在句中作定语修饰nest。又如: ① Many people like reading books (which were) written by Lu Xun. 许多人喜欢读鲁迅写的书。② The power station (which was) built last year is a big one. 去年建的那座发电站很大。

(3) branch n. 树枝,支流,支线;(学科)分科,部门

a branch of the river 河的一条支流; a branch of science 一门科学; a branch of the union 工会的支部; a branch railway 铁路支线; a branch office 分局

21. Birds fill up the spaces between the branches of their nests with soft materials. 鸟儿用松软的材料在树枝间建筑鸟巢。(p. 20 Reading 第五段第2)

1) filled up with soft materials 在此为过去分词短语作宾语the spaces的补足语。该句中使用了get sth. done结构

2) fill up

(1) (=fill in) 填写 fill up the form填表

(2) 盛满,装满,占据(时间) ① fill up the bottle (=fill the bottle up) 把瓶子装满 ② I filled the room up with furniture. 我把房间里装满了家具。③ Homework fills up almost all my spare time every day. 每天家庭作业几乎占据了我所有的业余时间。

(3) fill up也用作不及物动词词组,意为变得满起来,淤积① The theatre filled up soon. 剧院里很快就坐满了人。② The room soon filled up with people. 房间里很快就挤满了人。③ The river would soon fill up with mud if not dealt with properly. 如果不妥善处理的话,这条河很快就会积满了淤泥。

3) space“太空,空间常作不可数名词,但在表示物体之间的间隙,空白处,空地,间隔,距离时可作可数名词。① Travel through space is not a dream today. 航天旅行在今天已不是梦想。② They found a parking space near the museum. 他们在博物馆附近找到了一个停车的地方。③ There are trees on either side of the street for a space of one mile. 街道两旁都有长达一英里的树木。④ The advertisement took lots of space. 那个广告占了很大的版面。

22. Why do some people think modern buildings look unnatural, and why do they experience them as cold and unfriendly? 为什么一些人认为现代建筑物看起来不自然?为什么他们觉得它们给人一种冷漠、不友善的感觉? (p. 21 Post-reading 第五段 Ex.5)

(1) experience 经历,感受,感到 ① He experienced a strong feeling of sadness. 他感到极度的悲哀。② It was the first time that he had experienced the sense of beauty. 那是他第一次感受到那种美感。③ He experienced two world wars. 他经历过两次世界大战。

(2) experience...as感到…………,其中as后可跟形容词、分词,表示……样子。如: ① She experienced Mary as very lovely. 她认为玛丽很可爱。② He experiences me as being lacking in humor. 他给我的印象是缺乏幽默感。③ The theory is experienced as very advanced. 此理论被认为非常先进。

Section III  词汇、语法、综合技能

23. It is usually difficult to find other companies to move into the old buildings, because the floor plan — the size and the number of halls — doesn't fit their company. 想找其他的公司搬入这些老式楼房里通常是很难的,因为楼层的设计大小和大厅的数量不适合他们的公司。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 第一段第2)

fit v. 适合,适宜,对……符合;合体,合身 ① The music fits my mood. 这音乐适合我的心情。② This jacket fits (me) well. 这件夹克很合(我的)身。③ It doesn't fit the facts. 这不符合事实。

【拓展】fit 作及物动词,可表示安装;作形容词,可意为适合的,得当的,相称的fit a new lock on the door 在门上安把新锁; fit on 试穿; fit in with 适应,与处得融洽; fit sb. fo... 使某人能适合或胜任…; fit sth. to... 使相符合/适合; be fit for... 胜任,适合……

24. Often, these buildings are pulled down after having stood empty without use for many years. 这些楼房经常是在闲置多年后被拆掉。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 第一段 第4)

(1) pull down拉下(遮帘等);拆毁,拆掉(建筑物等) ① Shall I pull down the blinds? 我可以放下百叶窗吗? ② The old houses were being pulled down. 那些旧房子正在拆除。

(2) after在该处为介词,其后跟动名词短语作其宾语。其反义词before也与它一样除作连词引导时间状语从句外,还可作介词,后跟名词、代词或动名词。① He liked to play some video games after / before doing his homework. 他喜欢在做完作业之后/前玩些电子游戏。② I'll come after I do (have done) some shopping. 我买些东西后就过来。

(3) stand vi. 后跟形容词时表示处于……的状态① The door stood open. 门开着。② He stood there still. 他一动也不动地站在那儿。③ These hospitals stand ready for emergency cases. 这些医院随时准备接受急病患者。

25. They are decorated with small round windows that remind you of ships, bent roofs, and twenty-foot high walls of glass that make them special when compared with other architecture from the me period. 它们的装饰有使人联想到轮船的小圆窗,弯曲的屋顶,以及二十英尺高的玻璃墙,这些玻璃墙使它们在与同期的其他建筑相比时与众不同。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 第二段 第6)

(1) decorate...with... 装饰… be decorated with... 装饰有 ① She decorated her room with flowers. 她用鲜花装饰她的房间。② All the walls of her room are decorated with pictures of pop stars. 她房间的每面墙壁上都挂着流行歌星的照片作为装饰。

(2) remind sb. of sth. 提醒某人某事,使某人想起某事remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人去做某事,使某人想起去做某事 remind sb. + that... 提醒某人,使某人想起… ① He reminds me of his father. 看到他使我想起了他的父亲。② I reminded him to work hard. 我提醒他要用功。③ She reminded me that I hadn't had breakfast. 她提醒我还没吃早饭。

(3) when compared... when they are compared... 的省略形式。compare...with... 相比; compare ... to... ……比作; compared to / with...……相比(可在句中作状语)

don't / can't compare with...不能与……相比,比不上① Compare this sentence with that one, and you'll see the difference. 把这个句子与那个句子比较一下,你就会明白其中的不同了。② One's life is often compared to a candle. 一个人的一生经常被比作蜡烛。③ Compared with the others, you're really lucky. 与其他人相比,你很幸运。④ My handwriting doesn't compare with yours. 我的书写不能和你的相比。

26. The simple style of the buildings and the fact that they are German set them aside as very different from Chinese architecture. 这些建筑的简朴的风格以及它们具有德国特点的这个事实使它们迥异于中国的建筑。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 第二段 倒数第2)

set aside ……放在一边,搁置;拨出,留出;不理会,取消 ① He set aside the book and turned off the light. 他把书放在一边关上了灯。② Each week he tried to set aside a few dollars of his salary. 每周他都设法从工资中留出几美元。③ The judge set aside the decision of the lower court. 这位法官取消下级法院的决定。④ He set a11 their offers aside. 他拒绝接受他们所有的提议。

【拓展】aside adv. 到一边,向旁边 ① Move the table aside. 把桌子挪向一边。② He opened the door and stood aside for her to pass. 他打开门站在一边让她过去。

【短语】 aside from 除了;lay aside 存蓄 ① Aside from being fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill. 除了既有趣又是一项很好的运动外,游泳还是一种非常有用的技能。② She had managed to lay aside 100 dollars. 她设法存储了100美元。

27. Old factory buildings have many halls and workshops of different sizes. 旧厂房有很多大小不一的大厅和车间。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 第四段 第1)

of + n. 常用来表示人或事物所具有的特征或性质,在句中常用来作表语或后置定语。① Coins may be of different sizes, weights, shapes, and of different metals. 硬币的大小、重量、形状与所铸造的金属可能不一样。② Two of his greatest films, "City Lights" and "Modern Times" were of this kind. 他的两部最伟大的影片城市之光摩登时代就是这种类型的影片。③ The two boxes are of the same size. 这两个盒子一样大。④ I don't find anything of interest in today's paper. (= interesting) 在今天的报纸上我没见什么有意思的内容。

【归纳】great interest (= very interesting)/value (= very valuable) / help (= very helpful) / importance (= very important) / use (= very useful) / benefit (= very beneficial)

high quality高质量的

28. They like these buildings because the rooms and halls are often very large, which is good for artists who want to make large objects. 他们喜欢这些楼房,因为房间和大厅通常很大,这对于想创造大的物体的艺术家来说很合适。(p. 23 Integrating Skill 最后一段 第3)

(1) which is good... 为非限制性定语从句,which 所代表的不是前面某一个名词而是the rooms and halls are often very large一句话的内容。又如: ① He is often late for class, which makes his head-teacher very angry. 他经常上课迟到,这使得他的班主任很恼火。② He said that he had just returned from Beijingwhich was not true, of course. 他说他刚从北京回来,这当然不是真的。

(2) good在句中意为合适的,可以的。又如: It's a good day for hiking. 这真是个远足的好天气。

【拓展】be good for 可作为固定短语来使用,意为……有好处;有……用处;对…… (疾病)有效;能出(多少钱)”等。① Taking more exercise is good for you. 多做运动对你有好处。② It's not a good film, but it's good for a laugh. 这不是部好电影,但看了笑一笑还可以。③ This medicine is good for a cold. 这药能治感冒。④ Because he is rich, he is good for 100, 000. 他很富有,他能出10万元。

【单元语法】

1. 过去分词作宾语补足语(宾补)

宾语补足语用来补充说明句子的宾语。过去分词作宾补时具下特点:

(1) 过去分词 (done) 常表示动作的完成、状态或动作的全过程。

(2) 宾语与过去分词在逻辑上常存在着被动关系。

(3) 不及物动词的过去分词作宾补时没有被动意味,只表示动作的完成和状态(如例⑨⑩)① I was glad to see the child well taken care of. 我很高兴地看到孩子受到了很好的照料。② When he arrived, he found all the work finished. 当他到达的时候,他发现所有的工作都做

完了。③ She heard the door shut with a bang. 她听到门咣地一声关上了。④ She felt a great load taken off her mind. 她觉得思想上去掉了一个重担。⑤ He kept the windows shut all the year. 他全年都关着窗户。⑥ He stood up in order to make himself seen by others. 他站了起来,为的是让别人能看见他。⑦ Could you please make yourself known to us? 请您向我们做下自我介绍,好吗? ⑧ You must get your article finished before going home. 回家之前,你必须先把文章写完。⑨ When I returned there, I found the bag gone. 当我返回那儿时,我发现包不见了。⑩ We found the village greatly changed. 我们发现村子已发生了巨大变化。

2. 现在分词作宾语补足语(宾补)

现在分词作宾补时,通常表示一个正进行或持续的动作,宾语与宾补在逻辑上存在着主谓关系,即宾补所表示的动作通常是宾语发出来的。当现在分词的被动式 (being done) 作宾补时,它仍表示一个正在进行或持续的动作,但宾语与宾补存在逻辑上的动宾关系(如例③④)① I saw a boy crying there. 我看到一个男孩在那儿哭。② I'm sorry to have kept you waiting. 对不起,让你久等了。③ I saw the child being beaten by his father. 我看到那孩子正在挨他父亲的打。④ I often watched the ship being loaded. 我常常观看轮船装货。

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(745)| 评论(0)

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018