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人教新课标必修4 Unit 1 Great Scientists教材分析、重点难点、练习测试  

2010-08-20 14:06:49|  分类: 高中英语必修 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 1  Great  Scientists

语言要点

单元要点预览(旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点)

 

词汇

部分

词语

辨析

1. character / characteristic   2. examine / check / test  3. cure / treat 

4. blame / scold    5. reject / refuse

词形

变化

1. scientific adj.科学的

science n.科学

scientist n.科学家

2. valuable adj.有价值的

value n. 价值

value v. 估价, 评价

3. instruct v. 教导, 命令

instruction n. 指示,用法说明

instructive adj.有益的,教育性的

4. enthusiastic adj.热心的,热情的

enthusiasm n.狂热,热心

enthusiast n.热心家,狂热者

重点

单词

1.         conclude v. 断定, 得出结论; 结束(正式);

2.         attend v. vt. 出席, 参加, 照顾, 护理, 注意 vi.专心, 留意

3.         expose vt. 使暴露, 受到, 使曝光 v揭露

4.         absorb vt. 吸收;使(精神)贯注;吞并

5.         blame n过失, 责备 vt.责备, 谴责

6.         instruct vt ., 教导, 命令, 指示, 通知

7.         contribute vi& vt.捐助,捐献,贡献;投稿

重点

词组

put forward 提出:提议以供考虑    in addition/ apart from ……之外;另外

make sense 有意义

重点句子

1. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.

2. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.

3. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it …..

重点语法

过去分词做表语和定语 (见语法专题)

 

      I.词语辨析  

1). character/characteristic n.

【解释】

character 性格,品质 (本身具有的);角色,人物;字体,字符

characteristic 特点,特征(区别于其他事物)

【练习】选择character characteristic 并用其适当的形式填空

1)  He proved himself true gentleman and the beauty of his _______ was seen at its best when he worked with others.

2)  People living in the city are different from those in the countryside in  _________ .

3)  What are the __________that distinguish the Chinese from the Japanese?

4)  Chinese __________ attract a great number of foreigners all over the world.

5)  The main purpose of a play is to let the ________ speak for themselves as much as possible.

Keys: 1) character  2) character 3) characteristics 4) character 5) character

2). examine/ check /test 检查

【解释】

examine仔细察看或观察(以了解情况或是否有问题或毛病)

check检查 (含有校对找错的意思)

test 检查,检测(以某种手段来试一试某人或某物是否达到了一定的标准)

【练习】选择 check , examine test,并用其适当的形式填空

1I was being _______ for a driving license for the third time.

2The doctor _________ him carefully.

3The interviewer always _______ her facts before sending them to the editor.

Keys: 1) tested  2) examined  3) checks

3) cure/ treat 治疗,

【解释】

cure 表示治愈的结果

treat 表示治疗的过程

【练习】选择cure treat 并用其适当的形式填空

1)  After being ________ for such a long time, the wound ___________  at last.

  Keys: 1) treated; cured

4) blame/scold 责备

【解释】

blame  责备;谴责; 归咎于强调对某种可以解释的失误或不良行为的谴责或惩罚:

scold   斥责责骂指大声呵斥,责备,唠唠叨叨地说,常用于长辈对晚辈

【练习】

1Don't _______ it on him, but on me.

2The parents ______ the naughty boy and asked him to leave the home at once.

Keys: 1) blame 2) scolded

5) reject /refuse 拒绝

【解释】

reject 后接名词,(含对被抛弃的东西不屑一顾)

refuse 后接名词,动名词 ,可表谢绝

【练习】选择refuse reject 并用其适当的形式填空

1The Christian Church ________ his theory, saying it was against God’s idea.

2I can’t stand working with Jane in the same office. She just ________to stop talking while she works.

Keys: 1) rejected  2) refuses

      II. 词形变化

science n,科学

scientific adj.科学的

scientist n.科学家

announce v.宣布

announcement n.宣布

announcer n,广播员,告知者

instruct v..指导,命令

instruction n.指导,指示

instructive adj.有益的,教育性的

enthusiastic adj.热心的,热情的

enthusiasm n.狂热,热心

enthusiast n.热心家,狂热者

valuable adj.有价值的

value n. 价值

value v. 估价, 评价

【练习】根据句子结构,用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空

1) The _________ took a very ________ approach to _________.(science)

2) The ______ make a(n) ________ that all the details should _______ through the broadcast.(announce)

3) It is ______  and easy for the children to read some masterpieces with the _______ at the bottom of each  

  page.(instruct)

4) “You don’t seem very ______ about the idea.” “I don’t mind,” she said, without much ______.(enthusiasm)

5) There is no any criterion to ______ whether it is _______ information. (value)

keys: 1) scientist; scientific; science 2) announcer; announcement; be announced 3) instructive;instructions

4) enthusiastic; enthusiasm 5) value;valuable

.重点词汇

1. conclude  vi.终结; 结束; 推断; 决定

[典例]

1The meeting concluded at ten o'clock. 会议于十点钟结束。

2It is hard to conclude. 这很难断定。

[重点用法]

conclusion n. 结束,结论

makedrawreachcome toarrive at a conclusion下结论,得出结论;

bring sth. to a conclusion使结束;

in conclusion作为结论,最后;

[练习] 汉译英

1)    我们推定蓝队无法按时抵达目的地。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)    我们认定他并没有告诉我们实情,也就是他在撒谎。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys:1) We concluded that the blue team could not reach the destination on time. 2) We concluded that he didn’t tell us the truth. That is, he was lying.

 

2. attend v.  1)注意;留意;处理(to连用)=do with

2) 出席;到场:  3)照看;照料:=take care; look after

[典例]

1We'll attend to the problem later 稍后我们将关注那个问题。

2Which doctor is attending you? 哪一个医生为你看病?

[重点用法]

attendance n  出席,出席的人数,伺候,照料    

attend school上学

attend a lecture/meeting听讲座/出席会议

attend a wedding/ceremony出席婚礼‘/参加典礼

[练习] 汉译英

1)    他们在我们不在时管理事务。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2) 他在这个领域很出名,今晚会有成千上万的敬仰者参加他的讲座。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) They attended our affairs during our absence. 2) He is famous in this field, and tens of thousands of fans will attend his lecture this evening.

3. expose  vt.

1)使暴露, 显露   2)曝光   3)揭露

[重点用法]

exposure n(在日光、风雨、危险中)暴露,暴晒(后接to + n)(摄影的)曝光

be exposed to ….置身于……;暴露于

 [典例]

1A real artist can always expose his students to good art and music

称职的艺术家总能使学生接触美好的艺术和音乐

2This film has been exposed. 这片子已经感光。

3He exposed the plan to the newspapers.他向几家报纸透露了这个计划。

4Exposure to the cold wind left my lips feeling dry.我暴露在寒风中,觉得嘴唇干裂。

5As a journalist in the war, she was exposed to many dangers.作为战地记者,她置身于多种危险中.

[练习]expose的恰当形式填空。

1The soil was washed away by the flood_____________bare rock   

2The baby was left ____________the wind and rain 

3The _____________of the plot against the President probably saved his life

Keys: 1) exposing  2) exposed to  3) exposure

 

4. absorb

1) 吸收  2)使(精神)贯注  3)占用(时间)

[重点用法]

be absorbed in 全神贯注于;热衷于;

absorb one’s attention吸引某人注意力

[典例]

1The equipment can absorb moisture from the air这一设备能从空中吸收水分

2He is absorbed in study. 他专心读书。

3This job absorbs all of my time. 这件工作占用了我的全部时间。

[练习] 汉译英

1)    颜色丰富的东西总能轻易地吸引孩子们的注意力。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)    这双新鞋特别设计了吸收能量的作用。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) Things in colour can often absorb children’s attention easily. 2) The new shoes are specially designed to absorb the energy.

 

5. blame vt.责备;谴责;归咎于;

n.责怪;(过失、过错等)责任

[典例]

1)The careless driver is to blame for the traffic accident happening yesterday

    那个粗心的司机该为昨天发生的交通事故负责。

2) Who is to blame for the failure?  谁该为这次的失败负责?

3) The student blamed the teacher for his failure.学生因失败而怪老师。

[重点用法]

blame sbfor(doing)sth  ()某事而指责某人

blame sthon sb  因某事而指责某人

sbbe to blame for(doing)sth  ()某事某人应该受到谴责;

注意: be to blame 应负责 (无被动形式)

[练习] 汉译英

1)看来霍乱的流行要归罪于饮用水了.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)这件事谁也不能怨.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

3)他指责你玩忽职守.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) It seemed that the water was to blame. 2) Nobody is to blame for it. 3) He blames you for neglect of duty.

 

6. instruct vt教导; 指示

[典例]

1Miss Liu instructed a class in math last year. 刘老师去年给一个班学生上数学课.

2The volunteers often go to an orphan home to instruct orphans. in English

这些志愿者经常去孤儿之家去教他们英语.

3He was instructed when to start through the email. 他从邮件中得到出发时间的通知

4He was instructed to sail for New York. 他奉命前往纽约。

[重点用法]

instruct sb.( in sth.) , 教导,传授技能

instruct sb. to do; instruct wh-命令, 指示,

instruct that-clause通知

[练习] 汉译英

1)老职工对青年职工言传身教.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)同时要求孩子们放学后留在教室里.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) The old workers instruct the young workers not only in words, but by deeds. 2)The children were also instructed not to leave the classroom after class.

 

7. contribute vi&vt.捐助,捐献,贡献;投稿

[典例]

1He contributed to the church.他向教会捐款。

2He often contributes to this newspaper.他经常向这家报社投稿。

3Cigarette smoking is a major factor contributing to cancer.吸烟是导致癌症的主要因素。

[重点用法]

  contribution. n. 捐献,贡献;投稿

  contribute…to ………捐献(投稿)

  contribute to…促成,起作用,有助于

  make a contribution totowards……捐赠;对作出贡献

注意: 以上短语中to为介词

[练习]contribute的恰当形式或短语填空。  

1) Everyone is encouraged to ___________ the discussion.

2) Her work has ___________ our understanding of this difficult subject.

3) She has __________ poems to literary magazines

Keys:  1) contribute to  2) contributed to  3) contributed

 

重点词组  (旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1put forward  提出(建议等);推荐某人或自己任职位;提名

[典例]

1He put forward a new plan yesterday.他昨天提出一个新计划。

2May I put your name forward as a possible chairman of the committee? 我能否提名你当委员会主席?

[短语归纳]

  put on穿上;增加                     put on performances演出

  put an end to结束;终止         put off推迟;延期;

  put one's heart into全神贯注于    put down写下

  put out生产;扑灭              put back放回;送回

  put up举起;张贴

[练习]put构成的短语填空:

1)You can take anything from the shelfbut please _______ the books when you've finished with them

2)He often _______ some useful advice.

Keys: 1) put back 2) puts forward

 

2apart from ……之外;另外

[典例]

1Apart from a few faultshe is a perfect teacher.除了几个缺点之外,他是一个很好的老师。

2Apart from the costthe dress doesn't suit me.姑且不论价格,这件礼服也不适合我穿。

[短语归纳]

 in addition to……之外(还有,包括在内)

 besides ……之外(还有,包括在内)

 except (for)……之外除……之外(还有,不包括在内)

 except that 除了……之外(还有,不包括在内)

[练习]选择以上短语填空。

1)        As a senior student, we study other subjects _________ English.

2)        Your article is well written ________ some spelling mistakes.

Keys: 1) besides/ in addition to/apart from 2) except for

 

3.         make sense讲得通;有意义

 [典例]

What he says makes sense.他说的有道理。

Can you make sense of this poem? 你能明白这首诗的含义吗?

What you say is true in a sense.你所说的在某种意义上是真实的。

[短语归纳]

make no sense讲不通;无意义     make sense of 了解,明白

in a sense就某种意义而言;在某种意义上

 [练习] 汉译英

1)    老师试了许多次,但这个长句依然讲不通。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)    从某种意义上说,这部影片富含意义。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) The teacher tried many times, but the long sentence still could not make sense.

2) The film is full of meaning in a sense.

V重点句子 (旨在提供句子结构等所需材料)

1. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.

每次瘟疫爆发,数以千计的人们在恐惧中死去.

[解释] every time可作连词使用,引导时间状语从句,意为每次,每当”immediatelythe momentdirectlyinstantly等都可以作连词引导时间状语从句,意为…………”

[典例]

1Every time I meet himI always think of the things happened between us

每次见到他,我就想起发生在我们之间的事情。

2Immediately he saw the message, he knew he misunderstood his best friend.

一见到纸条,他就知道他误会了他最好的朋友。

[练习] 汉译英

1)每次我去找他,他都在专心看书.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)我一见到她就把这本书给了她。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

3)我一见到他就把这封信给他。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

4)我一接到你的信就来了。  

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) Every time I went to see him, he was absorbed in reading. 2) I gave the book to her the moment I saw her 3) I will give the letter to him immediately I see him4) I came directly I got the letter  

  

2. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.只有当你把太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其他行星的运动才能说的清楚.

[解释]Only 引导的状语放在句首,句子需用半倒装.

[练习]汉译英

) 只有用这种方法,你才能轻松地解决这个问题.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

) 就在你失去它的时候,你才会懂得时间的宝贵.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) Only in this way, can you deal with the problem easily. 2) Only when you lost it, will you understand how valuable the time is.

 

3. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it …..

他把太阳固定在太阳系的中心位置上,而行星则围绕着太阳转.

[解释]with + 宾语+ v. –ing / v. –ed / to do / adj. / adv. / prep. phrases构成的复合结构在句中通常作为状语,表示背景情况,为方式,原因或条件等.

[典例]

1With the old man leading the way, we started towards the forest. 在老者的带路下,我们向森林进发。

2She ran and ran with beads of sweat running down her face. 她不停地奔跑,汗珠顺着脸颊流下来。

[练习] 汉译英

1)    老师微笑地走进教室,身后还跟着一群小朋友.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2)    随着考试的结束,我们的假期开始了.

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Keys: 1) With a group of children following, the teacher came into the classroom with smile.

2) With the test finished, we began our holiday.

课文要点(模块)

课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

      In the times of Queen Victoria, so-called "King Cholera" hit Londoners, which often   1   (导致)large numbers of    2    (dead). Thanks to John Snow, a then well known    3    , this deadly disease finally got controlled. John Snow thought    4   most important was to find its    5    . So he began to gather the information, for which he made a map, on which he marked    6    the    7   (受害者)had lived. As a result, he found out that the    8    (污染) water was the cause of cholera and suggested that the source of all water supplies    9   (检查)immediately. Finally "King Cholera"     10     (defeat).

答案:1.  resulted in   2. deaths       3. doctor    4. the   5. cause    6. where  7. victims

      8. polluted      9. be examined  10.   was defeated

课文大意概括 (旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

阅读课文,试着用30来个单词概括课文大意或将下面的短文译成英语

    这篇短文的主要意思是说斯诺找到了一种叫做霍乱疾病的起因,这是19世纪发生在伦敦的一种致命的疾病。在斯诺的努力,该疾病终于得到控制。

    The main idea of this passage is that _____________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:The main idea of this passage is that John Snow found out the cause of the disease called cholera which was a deadly disease in London in the 19th century. With Snow' s great efforts, the disease was finally under control.

课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)

1原句John Snow was a well-known doctor in Landon( and he was) so famous, indeed (插入语), that he attended Queen Victoria to ease the birth of her babies.

[模仿要点]两个简单句合并成一句,很好地运用了插入语和符号来压缩句子。

模仿1. 张老师是个热心的老师,他那么善良我想当他的学生生病时他一定乐意帮助他们的。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:Mr. Zhang is a warm-hearted teacher in our school—so kind, I think/ I believe/ I suppose/ I dare say (插入语), that he is sure to help his students when they are ill.

模仿2李平是我们班一位用功的学生。他那么勤奋我想晚上不到11点他不会上床睡觉的。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:Li Ping is a hard-working boy in my classso diligent, I suppose, that he never goes to bed until 11 at night.

2【原句】Although he had tried to ignore them, all his mathematical calculations led to the same conclusion: that the earth was not the centre of the solar system.

[模仿要点]  冒号加that从句

【模仿1】虽然她不相信别人说的话,可她所收集的证据得出这样的结论:她的男朋友骗了她。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:Though she didn’t believe what other people said, the evidences that she collected led to the conclusion: that her boy friend cheated her.

【模仿2】尽管他很聪明,但他不勤奋。他这学期所经历的失败得出这样的结论:不劳不获

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:Though he was very cleverhe didn’t work hard and all his failure ( that she experienced) this term led to the conclusion: that no pains no gains.

 

3【原句】He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still going round the earth.

 [模仿要点] 句子结构:with 的复合结构作定语修饰前面的名词。

【模仿1】当你步入校园,在你面前是一个种着各种花草的大花坛。在花坛的两边是两个高大的楼房:左边是教学楼,右边是图书馆。

__________________________________________________________________________________

答案:When you enter the school, you can see in front of you a big flower bed with various kinds of flowers and grass growing in it and with two large buildings standing on both sides— the library on your right and the teaching building on your left.

【模仿2   井底之蛙,永远看不到天空的广阔,好男儿志在四方,让我们踏歌而行,看高高的灯塔照亮我们远航的路。(with 结构作状语)

__________________________________________________________________________________

   The frog at the bottom of the well is always blind to the extension of the sky. “Ambitious men aims far.” Let's get started, with the tall lighthouse guiding our long voyage, and with the voice of singing accompanying.

单元自测 (模块)

1. 完形填空

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—30各题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

字数:212

完成时间:15分钟

难度:***

Lang Lang went to a piano school in Beijing when he was just eight. “You need   1  ,” his father said. “But if you don’t work hard, no fortune will come.”

What made him sad was that his piano teacher in Beijing didn’t like him. As a nine-year-old boy Lang Lang was badly   2  . He decided that he didn’t want to be a   3   any more. For the next two weeks he didn’t touch the piano.   4  , his father didn’t push, but waited.

Luckily, the day came when his teacher asked him to play some holiday songs. He didn’t want to, but as he placed his fingers on the piano key, he   5   that he could show others that he had talent after all.

In the 1994 International Young Pianists Competition, when it was   6   that Lang Lang had won, he was too   7   to hold back his tears. Soon it was clear that he couldn’t stay in China forever—he had to play on the world’s big   8  . In 1997 Lang Lang   9   again, this time to Philadelphia, U. S. There he spent Two years practicing. After his   10   performance at Chicago’s Ravinia Festival, gigs(特邀演出) in Lincoln Center and Carnegie Hall started pouring in. Lang Lang finally worked to reach the place where fortune spots him, and lets him shine.

1. A. exercise           B. fortune              C. knowledge         D. wealth

2. A. hurt              B. weakened            C. ruined            D. frightened

3. A. singer             B. pianist              C. conductor         D. player

4. A. Hopefully         B. Patiently            C. Wisely                   D. Painfully

5. A. seemed            B. admitted            C. noticed           D. realized

6. A. told              B. mentioned        C. announced           D. recognized

7. A. excited            B. encouraged          C. shocked                  D. satisfied

8. A. conceits           B. tours                 C. competitions       D. stages

9. A. started                . left                  C. moved                   D. performed

10. A. successful        B. cheerful          C. respectful           D. meaningful

答案:

    本文主要讲述了一位钢琴家成功之路的感人故事。

1. B  下文说如果你不努力,幸运就不会到来,因此上文是你需要幸运

2. A  上文老师的话伤了朗朗,hurt表示伤了感情或身体,weaken意为减弱,ruin意为毁坏, frighten吓倒,都不符合语境。

23. B  受到伤害的直接做法就是不再想做钢琴家了。

4. C  朗朗两个星期没练琴,而爸爸没有督促,只是等。下文中讲到了爸爸终于等到了要听的话,所以爸爸的做法是明智的(wisely)

5. D  老师的话伤害了他,使他不再练琴,但当他的手再放在琴键上时,他就意识到(realize)他有能力向别人展示他最终还是有天赋的。

26. C  当宣布(announced)朗朗获胜时,他太激动(excited)忍不住流出泪水。

27. A  见第26题解析。

28. D  他不能永远呆在中国,他要到世界的大舞台(stage)上演奏。

29. C  1997年,朗朗又搬家了,这次是去了美国。

30. A  由下文的Lincoln CenterCarnegie Hall特邀演出接踵而至,说明他的演出很成功。

2. 语法填空

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31-40的相应位置上。

字数:178

完成时间:9分钟

难度:**

     In the past, there lived a foolish man in a small kingdom called Zheng. One day he wanted to buy   31   a pair of new shoes. He measured his feet with a ruler first and wrote down his size.   32   he was in such a hurry to set out   33   he left it at home.

     When he arrived at   34   shoe shop, he felt in the pocket only   35   (find) that it was not there. So he said apologetically, "I have left the measurement at home and don't know the size.  I'll fetch it in one minute."   36   these words he hurried off as fast as his legs could carry him.

     He ran back home, found it and then to the shop again. But still   37   took him quite a while and the shop was already   38   (close) then. He had gone to all this trouble for nothing and did not get his shoes.

     Then someone asked him with    39   (curious), “Did you buy the shoes for yourself or someone   40   ?” “ For myself, of course." he answered. "Then why don't you try the shoes on by yourself?”

答案:

31. himself 反身代词作间接宾语,从后文知道是给他自己买一双新鞋。

32. But。根据上下文逻辑关系这里应该用表示转折的连词。

33. that。引出结果状语从句,与前面such搭配连用。

34. a。第一次提到该鞋店应该用不定冠词。

35. to findonly与不定式连用,用作结果状语。意为结果发现

36. Withwith these words:说完这些话。

37. it。指代前面他回家取measurement(先前所量脚的尺寸)这件事。

38. closed。过去分词作表语。

39. curiosity 词形转化,此处应该用名词作介词with的宾语。

40. else。考查else的用法。

3. 信息匹配

    阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。

    以下是世界各地一些大学的简介:

A. John Douglas University-- Located in the United States, this small university is well known for it's low cost and excellent science education.

B. Oxford University--Located in England, this is one of the world's oldest and most famous universities. The rich history and beautiful scenery comes at a high cost, but the quality of the classes is excellent.

C. Brown College-- This three year technical school is located in Australia. It' s a very modem campus, which opened only two years ago.  The courses focus mainly on computers and multimedia.

D. Saint Francis University-- This religious university is located in the United States, and asks that all students have a good knowledge of religion and American history. The school isn't the  most modern, but it offers scholarships to poor students who wish to study but can't pay.

E. Concordia University--This comprehensive university is popular with students who wish to pursue further studies after having completed their undergraduate work. The campus has more than 25,000 students.

F. Delta College-- This online school offers many degree programs through correspondence, so students can work at home on their free time for their degree. The cost is moderate, but the convenience is worthwhile for many.

   以下是一些学生的情况和求学想法的简介:请匹配学生所感兴趣的学校。

41. Michael is a young student who has always received excellent grades, but his family may

     not be able to pay for his studies, they are hoping he can receive financial aid somehow.

42. Sarah comes from a wealthy family, so money isn't a problem. She loves history and hopes to

     get the best education possible.

43. David is married, and must work to support his family. He hopes to get a higher education to

     improve his salary.

44. Rachel loves computers and hopes to find a job in the information technology field. She lives

     in London and would love to travel abroad for her studies.

45. Johnson has completed a bachelor degree in economics, and wants to continue his studies so

     that he can someday teach at a famous university.

 

答案:

41D  [解析]Michael的家庭情况来看,他需要奖学金的资助,因此D项符合他的需求。

42B  [解析]Sarah家庭富裕喜欢历史,追求最好的教育,故选B项。

43F  [解析]David已婚,他要养活一家人,不能去上大学,但是可以通过网络来接受教育。Delta College刚好能满足他的要求。

44C  [解析]生活在伦敦的Rachel喜欢电脑想找到一份与信息技术有关的工作,他还想出国留学,因此C项符合她要求。

45E  [解析]Concordia University是一所多层次大学,录取想进修深造的学生继续他们的学业,这刚好符合Johnson的要求。

4. 基础写作

    假设你是李华,你所在学校拟在下周开一个如何高效地学习英语的讲座。请你根据以下要点给史密斯教授写一封信,邀请他给学生做这次讲座。信的内容包括:

    讲座目的:让学生了解英语学习策略;

    讲座内容:如何高效学习英语,如何提高学习英语的兴趣,如何自主学习;

    讲座时间:1小时30分钟左右。

    [写作要求)

    1.必须使用5个句子介绍全部所给的内容。

    2.将5个句子组织成连贯的一篇短文,使用必要的连接词。

    3.开头语与结束语已给出,不计入句子总数。

    4.参考词汇:策略strategy

    Dear Professor Smith

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________

[答案]

 

Dear Professor Smith,

      Our school is planning to have a lecture on how to learn English effectively for middle school students next week and I'm writing to ask you to come and give a talk on English learning strategies. It will help us understand how to learn English in effective ways and also increase our interest in learning it, thus making us learn it actively.  Do you think one and a half hours will be enough for such a lecture? Please let me know as soon as possible so that I can make arrangement.

      Looking forward to seeing you and enjoying the talk.

      With best wishes .

                                                            Yours,

                                                            Li Hua

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