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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

介词+关系代词的5大考点  

2010-08-09 11:13:17|  分类: Grammar 语法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 介词+关系代词引导的定语从句是英语语法中的难点和重点, 近年来高考对这一语法结构的考查大有升温之势。为便于同学们学习掌握,笔者扼要地对它的几种考查热点进行了归纳和解析,希望同学们能举一反三,加以掌握并运用。

  考点1 简单介词+关系代词

  知识归纳:用于此结构的关系代词指人时只能用whom, 指物时只能用which;介词选择的依据主要是根据从句中的动词、形容词、名词与介词的固定搭配而定;或者以先行词与从句中的动词关系及所表达的含义而定;或者以先行词在定语从句中的作用和含义而定,并且含有介词的短语动词不能拆开,介词仍然放在动词之后。

  高考考例:

  1. (2004全国卷) The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _______ the sailing time was 226 days.

  A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which

  解析:关系代词which指代the journey, 定语从句恢复为独立的句子是:The sailing time of the journey was 226 days.故答案选A

  2. (2004全国卷) The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success.

  A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which

  解析:本句主句部分应是The English play at the New Year's party was a great success.从句补全为独立的句子是:My students acted in the play. 故答案选C

  3. (2004上海卷) American women usually identify their best friend as someone _______ they can talk frequently.

  A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom

  解析:先行词为someone,被关系代词whom代替在从句中作talk with 的宾语,介词with 可以放在关系代词之前,identify...as...意为……当作……”,故答案选D

  考点2 复杂介词+关系代词

  知识归纳: 用于此结构的关系代词有which, whom, whose。常用于该结构的复杂介词有:as a result of, at the back of, because of, by means of, for want of, in front of, in case of, on account of等。例如:

  We got to a house at the back of which was a large garden.

  Is there a certain test by means of which the No. 1 will be decided?

  考点3 简单介词+关系代词+名词

  知识归纳:用于此结构的关系代词有which, whose。介词的选择取决于关系代词后的名词及整个句子的含义。

  高考考例:

  (1995上海) In the office, I never seem to have time until after 5:30 p.m. _______ time many people have gone home.

  A. whose B. that C. on which D. by which

  解析:介词by表示时间的意思是到那时为止。这句话的意思是在办公室里,我似乎直到下午530才有空,那时许多人都已经回家了。故答案选D

  考点4 the+ 名词+of+关系代词

  知识归纳:用于此结构的关系代词只有which。该结构表示所有关系, 口语中常用“whose + 名词代替。非正式文体中可以用“of which the +名词

  高考考例:

  (2000上海) Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, _______ was very reasonable.

  A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose

  解析:答案选B。本题就是一个考查the+ 名词+of+关系代词结构的一个典型例子。这里the price of which指代the price of the vase, 答案也可以是whose price

  考点5 表示部分的词语+of+关系代词

  知识归纳:此时,指人的关系代词只能是whom, 指物的关系代词只能是which。表示部分的词语常见的有:不定代词all, both, none, neither, either, some, any, 数词(含基数词,序数词,分数和百分数);数词+名词;the +最高级/比较级,以及表示数目或数量的词语many, most, few, several, enough, half a, a quarter

  高考考例:

  1. (2004湖北卷) There are two buildings, ________ stands nearly a hundred feet high.

  A. the larger

  B. the larger of them

  C. the larger one that

  D. the larger of which

  解析:答案为Dthe larger of which指代the larger of the two buildings; B选项缺少一个连词。

  2. (2004辽宁卷) The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year, 80% _______ are sold abroad.

  A. of which B. which of C. of them D. of that

  解析:答案为A80% of which指代的是80% of the shoes。本题意为:这家工厂每年生产的50万双鞋子有80%都是销往国外的。

  备考练习:

  1. Yesterday Mr. Li finally bought his own house, _______ is a hospital.

  A. in where

  B. to the east of which

  C. to the east of it

  D. in the east of that

  2. My brother's purse, _______ he put 1,000, was missing on the bus.

  A. there B. which C. in which D. that

  3. The football match _______ the students competed yesterday was very wonderful.

  A. in which B. which C. in that D. that

  4. The reason _______ he was late again was that he was caught in a traffic jam in the rush hour.

  A. which B. in which C. for which D. of which

  5. His glasses, _______ he could see nothing, was taken away by a naughty boy.

  A. which B. without which C. with which D. without those

  6. The computer, _______ he paid 3,000, was once owned by his uncle.

  A. which B. for which C. that D. to that

  7. In the past we lost many chances, _______ we paid little attention.

  A. which B. that C. in which D. to which

  8. The pen, _______ I had been writing for ten years, was broken.

  A. with which B. with that C. as D. with it

  9. Mary has two brothers, ________ are doctors.

  A. both of they B. both of whom C. both of them D. whom of both

  10. The problem _______ you argued about yesterday has been solved.

  A. that B. what C. why D. for which

  11. My aunt bought me a book, the name _______ I have forgotten.

  A. of it B. which C. whose D. of which

  12. On the way home I met my friend John, from _______ home the thief had stolen a computer.

  A. whom B. which C. that D. whose

  13. I hate the way _______ you talk to your mother.

  A. by which B. on which C. in which D. which

  14. At last we found the hole in the wall _______ the mouse got into the house last night.

  A. in which B. which C. through which D. by which

  15. There are three girls in the room, ________ is Tom's sister.

  A. the tallest of which

  B. the tallest of whom

  C. tallest of that

  D. tallest of which

  16. I'll never forget the day _______ I bought my own guitar with my own money.

  A. where B. on which C. on when D. that

  17. She is just the girl, with _______ my brother came to visit me last month.

  A. whom B. her C. that D. who

  18. Last night we saw two movies, _______ was interesting.

  A. both of which

  B. neither of which

  C. both of them

  D. neither of them

  19. This is the house in _______ I was born thirty years ago.

  A. it B. there C. which D. that

  20. The reason for _______ he failed in the exam was that he was too careless.

  A. which B. why C. that D. it

  Key:

1—5 BCACB 6—10 BDABA 11—15 DDCCB 16—20 BABCA

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