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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

2011年高考英语代词考点及精品练习题(三)  

2011-03-22 14:28:26|  分类: 高考 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  2011年高考英语代词考点及精品练习题(三)

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. _____ with any common sense can tell the difference between the two.

A. Who     B. Whoever  C. Anyone     

【分析】最佳答案为C。有的同学误选B主要是因为受以下这类句子的影响:

Whoever comes will be welcome. 任何人来都欢迎。

Whoever wants the book may have it. 任何人要这书都可拿去。

Whoever gets the job will have a lot of work. 谁要是得到这份工作就有很多事要做。

以上三句中 whoever 引导的均为主语从句,其中的 whoever均可换成 anyone who,但是不能换成 anyone。以上试题从表面上看,与以上各例很相似,其实它们有本质的不同,即 _____ with any common sense 中没有谓语动词,所以我们不能选 whoever。此题的正确答案为C,anyone 为句子主语,with any common sense 为修饰 anyone 的定语。现将此题稍作改动如下,答案选B:

_______ has any common sense can tell the difference between the two.

A. Who             B. Whoever  C. Anyone    D. Who ever

2. The dictionary is really useful. Every boy and girl _____ it and they each _____ to buy one.

A. like, want                                             B. likes, wants

C. likes, want                                            D. like, wants

【陷阱】容易误选D。认为前面一空填复数动词,因为其主语是 boy and girl,为复数;第二空填单数动词,因为其前有 each,表示“每一个”。

【分析】事实上,此题应选C。因为按英语习惯,every 后接两个并列的单数名词作主语时,谓语动词要用单数,即第一空填 likes;而第二空要填复数动词 want,是因为其前的主语是 they 而不是 each(each 为主语的同位语)。

3. Everyone knows that Canada is larger than _____ country in Asia.

A. any       B. any other  C. other            D. another

【陷阱】容易误选B。选择的依据是以下大家熟悉的句型(其中的 other 不可省略):

He is taller than any other student in our class. 他是我们班最高的。

English is more widely used in international intercourse than any other language today. 现今英语在国际交往中比其他任何语言用得都广。

【分析】但是上面一题与这类句子有所不同。这类句型到底该不该加 other,主要应看所谈论的对象是否在比较的范围之内:若在范围之内,则用 other (以排除自己与自己比较);若不在范围之内,则不用 other。比较下面一题:

China is larger than _____ country in Asia.

A. any       B. any other       C. other        D. another

此题应选B,因为 China 在 Asia 的范围之内。假若选A,则表示“中国比亚洲的任何国家都大”,而中国本身也是亚洲国家,由此则得出“中国比中国大”的荒谬结论。而选B,则表示“中国比亚洲任何其他国家要大”,这才合乎事实。

4. “What do you think of them?” “I don’t know _____ is better, so I’ve taken _____ of them.”

A. what, both                                            B. what, none

C. which, both                                          C. which, none

【陷阱】几个干扰均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案为C。做好此题的关键是要注意句中的 better 一词,由于better 用的是比较级,说明比较的对象应是两者,由此可推知第二空应填both;另一方面,由于所谈论的是两者,说明选择范围比较窄、比较明确,所以第一空应填 which。

5. “Would you like a cup of coffee or a glass of beer?” “____ will do, but milk is _____ popular with me.”

A. Neither, not           B. Both, more  C. Either, the most        D. All, the most

【陷阱】很容易误选B,因为前文提到 coffee 和 beer 为两者,所以有的同学就认为应选 both 和 more 与之对应(more 为比较级,指两者比较)。

【分析】做对此题的关键是要注意到下文提到的 milk既不是 coffee 也不是 beer,而是除这两者外的第三者,故第二空应填 the most,即此题最佳答案为C。

6. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _____ it was?

A. where                                                  B. what

C. how                                                     D. which

此题答案选D,主要与上文的some book or other (某一本书)这一语境有关,全句句意为:“我在某一本书上读到过它,是哪一本书这很重要吗?”请看类似试题:

(1) “Who told you?” “Oh, somebody or other, I’ve forgotten _____.”

A. what         B. when C. which                   D. who

此题最佳答案为D。句意为:“谁告诉你的?”“噢,有个人,我忘记是哪一个了。”

(2) Some of the students were late for the meeting, but I can’t remember _____.

A. what               B. whenC. which                 D. whom

此题最佳答案为C。句意为“有些学生开会迟到了,但我不记得是哪些学生了”。

7. These trousers are dirty and wet — I’ll change into my _____.

A. another              B. trousersC. others              D. other

【陷阱】容易误选A、B。

【分析】最佳答案为C。是从语法上看,another 后通常接单数名词,而不接trousers 这样的复数名词(若用 another pair 则可以);也不能选 trousers 是因为填它句子意思不通。最佳答案应选C,others 相当于 other trousers,其中的 other 与前面的 these 相对照。

8. Her lecture was hard to follow because she kept jumping from one subject to _____.

A. other              B. the otherC. the others    D. another

【陷阱】容易误选B。选择依据可能是one … the other …这一常用结构。

【分析】最佳答案为D。使用one … the other … 时,我们通常是针对两者而言的,即指“两者中的一个……,另一个……”;如果所谈论的情况不是针对两者而言的,而是针对多者而言的,那么我们就不宜在 one 后使用 the other,而考虑用 another。又如(答案均选D,即选 another):

(1) Those cakes look delicious. Could I have _____ one?

A. other          B. the otherC. the others              D. another

(2) I have many such novels. I’ll bring _____ tomorrow.

A. other        B. the otherC. the others                D. another

(3) Saying is one thing and doing is _____.

A. other                B. the other  C. the others              D. another

比较以下各例:

(1) Shut ____ eye, Jim.

A. another           B. some other C. other               D. the other

答案选D,因为人的眼睛只有两只,故用 one … the other … 结构。

(2) It’s sometimes hard to tell one twin from _____.

A. another             B. some other C. other              D. the other

答案选D,twin 意为“孪生子之一”、“双胞胎之一”,即指两者之一,故用 one … the other … 这一结构。

9. There are four bedrooms, ______ with its own bathroom.

A. all       B. eachC. every                 D. either

此题容易误选A,认为既然前面出现了 four bedrooms,故填 all 与之对应。其实,此题的最佳答案应为B,原因是空格后的隐藏信息 its,它表示空格处应填一个单数代词,但是不能选C,因为 every 不能这样单独使用。

10. “It’s said that he is a wise leader.” “Oh, no, he is _____ but a wise leader.”

A. anything          B. anyoneC. anybody                 D. anywhere

【陷阱】容易误选B、C。因为句子主语指人,似乎只有B、C才与之一致。

【分析】其实,正确答案应选A。因为 anything but 是习语,意为“根本不是”或“一点也不”,不仅可用于事物,也可用于人。如:

I’ll do anything but that. 我绝不会干那种事。

The party was anything but a success. 晚会根本不成功。

Her father was anything but a poet. 她父亲根本不是诗人。

Such a man was anything but a hero. 那样的人绝不算英雄。

11. Tell _______ you like — it makes no difference to me.

A. anyone           B. whoC. whoever              D. what

【陷阱】容易从中文字面来理解而误选A或B。

【分析】最佳答案选 C。但若将A, B两项合起来,即用 anyone who这样的形式则也可以。选 C,whoever 引导一个宾语从句,用作动词 tell的宾语。同样地,请看以下类似试题:

(1) _____ comes is welcome.

A. Anyone           B. Who C. Anyone who            D. Everyone

此题很容易误选A,因为从汉语意思来分析,可理解为“任何人来都欢迎”,但若选A,此句的结构是混乱的,句中有两个谓语动词 comes 和 is,但却只是一个句子。此题应选C,anyone 是句子主语,who comes 是修饰 anyone 的定语从句。

(2) _____ comes to see me, tell him I’m out.

A. Anyone          B. WhoC. Whoever          D. Everyone

此题很容易按汉语意思误选A,其实应选C。whoever 引导的是让步状语从句,相当于 no matter who。

(3) Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interests.

A. anyone           B. whomeverC. whoever                D. no matter who

此题不能选A,假若选A,应在其后加上 who,即用 anyone who;也不能选B,一是因为空格处应填一个作主语的词(因为其后有谓语动词 shares),二是因为在现代英语中 whomever 这个词已基本废除 (也就是说,在现代英语中 whoever 既用作主语,也用作宾语,如:Give it to whoever you see in the meeting-room. 你在会议室里看见谁就把它给谁);也不能选D,因为 no matter who只用于引导让步状语从句,不用于引导名词性从句。此题正确答案为C,whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。

比较下例,答案应选A,而不是B、C或D(注意句意):

It was a matter of _____ would take the position.

A. who            B. whoeverC. whom           D. whomever

12. The teacher told us that the problem was not _____ easy and that we should think _____ over carefully.

A. such, it          B. that, it  C. such, 不填           D. that,不填

【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选C。

【分析】最佳答案选 B。第一空填that,that 用作副词,相当于 so,又如:

Is it always that hot? 总那么热吗?(其中的 that hot 可以换成 so hot,但不能换成 such hot)

I can only tell you that much. 我只能告诉你这么多。(其中的 that much 可以换成 so much,但不能换成 such much)

注意第一空不能填such,因为such 不用作副词,即它不用于修饰形容词。

另外,汉语中说“好好想一想”,通常可以不带宾语,但英语中的think over 是及物动词,如果用它来表示“好好想一想”,应根据上下文的语境让它带上适当的宾语,所以本题应用 think it over,相当于 think the problem over。

13. The camera isn’t good enough; I want to change ______.

A. another                 B. a good oneC. it with another            D. it for another

【陷阱】容易根据汉语字面意思误选A、B。

【分析】此题最佳答案为D。英语中的 change sth 表示的是“换某物”,sth 是被换的东西,而 change sth for sth else 表示的才是“用某物换另一物”。比较:

That coat was too large and I had to change it. 那件外套太大了,我得去换一件。

That coat was too large and I had to change it for a smaller one. 那件外套太大了,我得去换一件小一点的。

14. I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with ______.

A. everything        B. anythingC. something             D. nothing

【陷阱】此题容易误选 B,生搬硬套不定代词用法规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定句或疑问句。

【分析】其实此题应选 A,注意前文的 I agree with most of what you said(我同意你说的大部分内容),其后的not 与 everything 构成部分否定,意为“不是所有的都同意”,前后两部分用转折连词 but 连接,语气通顺、连贯。请看一个类似的例子:

______ likes money, but money is not ______.

A. Everyone, everything      B. Anyone, anything

C. Someone, nothing         D. Nobody, everything

最佳答案选A,句意为“大家都喜欢钱,但钱不是万能的”。

15. “Is there ______ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.”

A. anybody            B. everybodyC. somebody                D. nobody

【陷阱】此题容易误选 A。认为这是一般疑问句,要用 anybody。

【分析】其实此题应选B,主要与上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了吗?”“没有,Bob 和Tim 两人请假了。”假若我们将此题作如下变换,则情形就会有所不同:

“Is there ______ here?” “Yes, I’m upstairs. Please come and help me.”

A. anybody          B. everybodyC. somebody             D. nobody

此题的最佳答案应是A,而不是B。

请再看一例:

“Do you have _____ at home now, Mary?” “No, we still have to get some fruit and tea.”

A. something            B. anythingC. everything              D. nothing

答案选C,句意为“玛丽,现在家里东西都准备齐了吗?”“还没有,我们还要买些水果和茶。”

16. “If you want a necklace, I’ll buy one for you at once.” “Oh, no. A necklace is not _____ that I need most.

A. anything            B. somethingC. nothing               D. everything

【陷阱】此题容易误选A,机械地套用以下规则:something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定句或疑问句。

【分析】当然以上规则在通常情况下是有效的,但此句不属通常用法。此题的最佳答案应是B,something 在此的意思不是“某种东西”,而是指“那种东西”或“这种东西”,即心中最想要的那种东西(相当于 the thing)。同样地,下面几题的最佳答案也是 something,而不是 anything:

(1) It’s not _____ that we want to talk about; let’s change the subject.

A. anything               B. somethingC. nothing                    D. everything

(2) It’s not _____ I enjoy; I do it purely out of a sense of duty.

A. anything                  B. somethingC. nothing                D. everything

(3) Self-control is not _____ that comes with your birth.

A. anything           B. somethingC. nothing              D. everything

(4) This is not _____ that would disturb me anyway.

A. anything             B. somethingC. nothing                D. everything

17. Some say one thing, but _____.

A. other, another                B. others, another C. others, the other              D. the others, others

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案选B。but others another 为 but others say another 之省略。在并列句中,若后面分句与前面分句有相同的词,常把后一分句中的相同部分给省略掉,以避免重复。如:

One soldier was killed and another wounded. 有一名士兵被打死,另一名被打伤。(wounded 前省略了 was)

I work in a factory and my brother on a farm. 我在工厂工作,我弟弟在农场工作。(on a farm 前省略了 works)

My room is on the second floor and his on the third. 我的房间在三楼,他的房间在四楼。(on the third 前省略了 is)

18. He is a hard-working student, _____ who will be successful in whatever career he chooses.

A. that                   B. heC. one                      D. which

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】此题答案选C,one 相当于 a student。类似地,以下各题也选one,它们分别相当于 a table, a break, a question, a Mexican carpet, a moment:

(1) A table made of steel costs more than _______ made of wood.

A. one                 B. itC. those                      D. which

(2)“Why don’t we take a little break?” “Didn’t we just have _____?”

A. it                   B. thatC. one           D. this

(3) The question is _____ of great importance.

A. that             B. itC. one                        D. what

(4) She wants a Mexican carpet, but she can’t afford to buy ______.

A. one           B. itC. them                   D. the one

(5) Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, _____ I will always treasure.

A. that                   B. one C. it                   D. what

 

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. Tom’s mother always told him not to smoke again, but _____ didn’t help.

A. he                          B. itC. which                      D. as

2. Both teams were in hard training; _____ was willing to lose the game.

A. either                                                   B. neither

C. another                                                D. the other

3. There he pointed to _____ looked like a stone and said that’s ______ you had to carry home.

A. that, that                                              B. what, what

C. which, what                                         D. as, which

4. I know nothing about the accident except _____ I read in the paper.

A. that                                                      B. for

C. what                                                    D. 不填

5. Energy is ____ makes one work.

A. what                                                    B. something

C. anything                                               D. that

6. Don’t go to _____ places where there is no fresh air.

A. such                                                    B. so

C. those                                                   D. which

7. The classroom is almost empty, where is _____?

A. someone                                              B. anyone

C. everyone                                              D. no one

8. I’m afraid we can’t have coffee; there’s _____ left.

A. nothing                                                B. none

C. no one                                                 D. no any

9. _____ worries me is _____ we’re going to pay for all this.

A. It, that                                                 B. That, how

C. What, how                                           D. As, that

10. He just does ______ he pleases and never thinks about anyone else.

A. that                                                      B. what

C. which                                                  D. how

11. _____ of you comes first will get the ticket.

A. Which                                                  B. Whichever

C. Who                                                    D. Whatever

12. His income is double _____ it was five years ago.

A. that                                                      B. which

C. as                                                        D. what

13. If you want a friend, you’ll find _____ in me.

A. one                                                      B. it

C. that                                                      D. him

14. Oh, how beautiful it is! I like _____ better.

A. everything                                            B. anything

C. nothing                                                D. something

15. Do you know _______ friends are coming to our party?

A. whose else’s                                         B. who’s else

C. whose else                                           D. who else’s

16. _______ leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights.

A. Anyone                                                B. The person

C. Whoever                                              D. No matter who

17. Jane hopes to become a friend of _______ shares her interests.

A. whomever                                            B. anyone

C. whoever                                               D. no matter who

18. Some friends tried to settle the quarrel between Mr and Mrs Smith without hurting the feeling of _______, but failed.

A. none                                                    B. either

C. all                                                        D. neither

19. —Here are the best styles of the clothes. Which one do you like?

— _______. They are not so nice as I expected.

A. Neither                                                 B. All

C. Nothing                                                D. None

20. Mr Ascot, headmaster of the school, refused to accept ______of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union.

A. either                                                   B. neither

C. any                                                      D. none

21. “There’s coffee and tea; you can have _______.” “Thanks.”

A. either                                                   B. each

C. one                                                      D. it

22. “When shall we meet again?” “Make it _______day you like; it’s all the same to me.”

A. one                                                      B. any

C. another                                                D. some

23. “Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard.” “Why ______? John is sitting there doing nothing.”

A. him                                                      B. he

C. I                                                          D. me

【答案与解析】

1. 选B,it 指前面提到的情况。由于句中用了并列连词 but,所以不能选C。当然,若去掉空格前的but,则可选C。

3. 选B,因是 both teams,即谈论的是两者,因此可锁定A和B;从语境上看,应选B,即双方都不愿输。

3. 选B。即两空均填 what,第一个what 相当于 something that;第二个what 相当于the thing that。

4. 选C,what 在句中用作动词 read 的宾语。

5. 选A,what 相当于 something that。

6. 选C,但容易误选A。按英语习惯,受 such 修饰的名词后跟定语从句时,引导定语从句的关系词一般只能是 as,而不能是 that, which, who, where等。如:Such women as knew him thought he was charming. 认识他的女人都认为他很有魅力。此句中的 as 就不能换成that 或 who,若要使用 that 或who,则需将 such 换掉,如说成Those women who knew Tom thought he was charming.

7. 选C,句意为“教室几乎是空的,大家都到哪里去了?”

8. 选B,nothing 指“什么也没有”;none 指数量上的“一点(个)也没有”。注:回答 how much 和 how many 时要用 none,而不用 nothing,道理同此。

9. 选C,what worries me 为主语从句,且 what 在主语从句中用作主语。

10. 选B。从句意推知。

11. 选B 最佳,因 who后通常不接表示范围的 of 短语,故不宜选C;若选A,则句型不对;若选D,则语义不通。

12. 选D,what 相当于 the amount that。

13. 选 A,one 在此相当于a friend。

14. 选C,I like nothing better 相当于 It’s the best thing I like。

15. 选D。else 可放在 who, what, where, how, why 等疑问词之后,但习惯上不放在which之后,而且在一般情况下也不用在whose后,遇此情况可用 who else’s,如:

Who else’s fault could it be? 这会是其他什么人的错吗?

但是,若其后不修饰名词,有时也可用whose else。如:

Whose else could it be? 这会是其他什么人的吗?

16. 选C。其余三者均不能引导主语从句。whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。

17. 选C。whoever shares her interests用作介词of的宾语,同时whoever又用作谓语动词shares的语。

18. 选B。由于句中谈到的是 Mr and Mrs Smith,即谈的是两者,故排除选项A和C,因为 none 和all 均用于指三者。又因为空格前有否定介词without,故空格处填either, 不用 neither。

19. 选D。none 可视为 I like none of them 之省略。从下文的语境看,空格处只能填空一个表否定意义的词。据此首先排除B;虽然A、C、D均表否定意义,但neither 与前面的best(既然使用最高级,说明有三者或多者在作比较)不吻合;而 nothing 表示“什么也没有”,不合语境。

20. 选 C。none 和 neither 表否定,与句中的 refused to acept这一语境不符。在 either 与 any 两个选项中,either 指两者,与句中的 three suggestions 不符。故只能选 any,指三者中的任意一个。

21. 选 A。比较四个选项:either 指两者中的“任意一个”,each 指两者或两者以上中的“每一个”,one 用来替代“a / an +单数可数名词”,it 替代“the +单数名词”。

22. 选 B。根据下文的 it’s all the same to me(对我都一样)可知,选 any 最合语境。

23. 选 D。Why me? 可视为 Why do you ask me to go and join? 之省略。另外,me 还通常在简略回答中用作主语。如:Me too.(我也一样。)

it的用法考点

 

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. Everyone knows that _______ is dangerous to play with fire, but _______ is difficult is to prevent children from playing with fire.

A. it, it                                                     B. what, what

C. it, what                                                D. what, it

【陷阱】很容易误选B,认为两空均考查形式主语。

【分析】最佳答案是D,第一空填形式主语,真正的主语是其后的不定式 to play with fire。第二空填 what,what is difficult 是主语从句,注意 what is difficult 后的谓语动词 is。请做以下类似试题:

(1) I know ______ is important to know my own limitations, but _______ is difficult is to help others to know their own limitations.

A. it, it                                                     B. what, what

C. it, what                                                D. what, it

(2) Yes, ______ is difficult to find a job nowadays, but _____ is more difficult is try to find such a job with a high salary but little things to do.

A. it, it                                                     B. what, what

C. it, what                                                D. what, it

2. I dislike _______ when others laugh at me in public or think poorly of me behind.

A. that                                                      B. those

C. it                                                         D. them

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案是C,因为在通常情况下,like 是及物动词,其后应有宾语(句中 it 即为其宾语)。句中的 when 从句不是宾语从句,而是时间状语从句,其中的 when 的意思是“当……的时候”。其实,也有的词典将 I don’t like it when (if) … 作为一个句型来处理。能这样用的动词不多,主要的有enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate等表示喜好的动词。

She won’t like it if you arrive late. 她不喜欢你迟到。

He hates it when people use his bike. 他讨厌别人用他的自行车。

请做以下类似试题(答案均选 it):

(1) I hate _______ if people say such things in public.

A. that                                                      B. those

C. it                                                         D. them

(2) I’d prefer _______ if I didn’t have to get up early on Sundays.

A. that                                                      B. such

C. it                                                         D. which

(3) I would appreciate _______ very much if you could give me some suggestions.

A. this                                                      B. that

C. it                                                         D. you

3. I’ve no idea. I just pretended nobody was at home, so I didn’t ask who _______ was.

A. he                                                        B. that

C. she                                                      D. it

【陷阱】容易误选A或C。

【分析】最佳答案是D。it 用以指身份不明的人。若指身份明确的人,则不宜用it。比较:

(1) Mr Smith is at the door. _______ wants to see you.

(2) Someone is at the door. ________ must be Mr Smith.

A. He                                                       B. It

C. This                                                     D. That

第(1)题选A,因为来者身份明确;第(2)选B,因为来者身份不明确。

4. “Excuse me, I want to have my watch fixed, but I can’t find a repair shop.” “I know ________ nearby. Come on, I’ll show you.”

A. one                                                      B. it

C. some                                                   D. that

【陷阱】容易误选B。

【分析】最佳答案是A。it 和 one 的区别可简单地概括为:it = the + 名词,one = a + 名词。如:

I haven’t got any pens, and I want to borrow one. 我没有钢笔,我想借一支。(one = a pen)

I have two pens, and I can lend one to you. 我有两本支钢笔,我可以借一支。(one = a pen)

I have a pen, and I can lend it to you. 我有一本钢笔,我可以把它借给你。(it = the pen)

在上面一题中,one 相当于 one 相当于 a repair shop。请做下面一题(答案选A):

There is only one English-Chinese dictionary in that book-shop. I wonder if you still want to buy _______.

A. it                                                         B. one

C. another                                                D. any

5. Will you see to _______ that my children are taken good care of while I am away?

A. it                                                         B. me

C. yourself                                               D. them

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案是A。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是空格后that引导的宾语从句。see to 意为“负责”、“注意”,其中的 to 为介词,不宜直接跟that引导的宾语从句,遇此情况可借助代词 it。请做下面两题,答案也是选 it:

(1) I’ll see to _______ that all these letters will be sent to the post before twelve.

A. it                                                         B. me

C. which                                                  D. them

(2) Will you see to _______ that the luggage is brought back as soon as possible?

A. me                                                       B. yourself

C. it                                                         D. them

类似以上 see to 用法的短语还有 depend on, answer for 等。如下面两题答案也选 it:

(1) You may depend on _______ that he will turn up in time.

A. it                                                         B. me

C. which                                                  D. them

(2) I can’t answer for ________ that the boy is honest.

A. it                                                         B. me

C. which                                                  D. them

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. Why shouldn’t I buy a new coat — I haven’t bought _____ for five years.

A. it                                                         B. that

C. one                                                      D. which

2. He made _____ known to his friends that he didn’t want to enter politics.

A. that                                                      B. it

C. himself                                                 D. him

3. It used to be thought _____ the Earth was flat.

A. as                                                        B. when

C. since                                                    D. that

4. The Parkers bought a new house but ______ will need a lot of work before they can move in.

A. they                                                     B. it

C. one                                                      D. which

5. _______ is well known _______ Hong Kong returned to China on July 1st, 1997.

A. It, that                                                 B. As, /

C. As, as                                                  D. It, which

6. — I don’t know whether I should go abroad or not, Mum.

— I leave _______ to your own judgment whether you should do it.

A. that                                                      B. it

C. this                                                      D. what

7. Does ________ matter if he can’t finish the job on time?

A. this                                                      B. that

C. he                                                        D. it

8. They are good friends. _______ is no wonder that they know each other so well.

A. This                                                     B. That

C. There                                                   D. It

9. They live on a busy main road. ______ must be very noisy. 

A. There                                                   B. It

C. That                                                    D. They

10. Why don’t you bring ______ to his attention that you are too busy to do it? 

A. this                                                      B. what

C. that                                                      D. it

11. “Look at that lady on the stage. She’s already forty.” “You are joking. She doesn’t look ________.”

A. so                                                        B. it

C. that                                                      D. this

13. _______ was known to them all that William had broken his promise ______ he would give each of them a gift. 

A. As; Which                                            B. What; that

C. It; that                                                 D. It; which

14. In the west, people make _______ a rule to send Christmas present to their relatives and friends.

A. this                                                      B. that

C. it                                                         D. the following

 

【答案与解析】

1. 选C。one 指 a coat。比较:it = the +名词,one = a+名词,换句话说,it 是特指的,而one 则是泛指的。

2. 选B。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是 that he didn’t want to enter politics。

3. 选D。it 为形式主语,此句为 People used to think that the Earth was flat 的被动语态形式。

4. 选B。it 指前面提到的 new house。注意不能选D,因为其前有并列连词but。

5. 选A。it 为形式主语,其后的that从句为主语从句。比较下面一题,答案选B:

_______ is well known, _______ Hong Kong returned to China on July 1st, 1997.

A. It, that                                                 B. As, /

C. As, as                                                  D. It, which

6. 选B。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是 whether you should do it.

7. 选 D。it doesn’t matter if…, does it matter if… 等为英语常用表达。

8. 选 D。it’s no wonder that… 意为“难怪……”、“……不足为怪”,为英语固定表达,其中的 it’s 也可省略,即只说 No wonder that…。如:

No wonder (that) he didn’t want to go. 难怪他不想去。

9. 选B。it 指环境。

10. 选 D。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是 that you are too busy to do it.

12. 选 B。it 指 her age。look one’s age 为习语,意为“容貌与年龄相称”。

13. 选C。第一空填 it,为形式主语;第二空填that,用以引导一个同位语从句,修饰 promise。

14. 选 C。it 为形式宾语,真正的宾语是其后的不定式 to send Christmas present to their relatives and friends。

 

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