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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

2011年高考英语比较结构考点及精品练习题(六)  

2011-03-23 07:31:20|  分类: 高考 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2011年高考英语比较结构考点及精品练习题(六)

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard _____ voice.

A. a better                                                B. a best

C. the better                                              D. the best

【陷阱】容易误选D,认为最高级前要用定冠词。

【分析】其实此题最佳答案为A,该句可视为…I have never heard a better voice than her voice 之省略,全句句意为“她唱得多好啊!我从未听过她这么好的声音”。请再看以下类似的实例:

He is fine, never better. 他很好,比以往任何时候都好。

This bird is really lovely. I’ve never seen a finer one. 这只鸟真可爱,我从未见过这样好看的鸟。

比较以下试题,情形也大致相同:

(1) “I’ve never found a better job.” “_______.”

A. I don’t think so                                     B. Too bad

C. Congratulations                                     D. Don’t worry

答案选C,I’ve never found a better job可视为 I’ve never found a better job than this job 之省略,句意为:我从来没有找到比这份工作更好的工作,即这是我所找到的最好的工作。

(2) “What do you think of the service here?” “Oh, ______. We couldn’t have found a better place.”

A. too bad                                                B. sorry

C. wonderful                                            D. impossible

答案选 C。We couldn’t have found a better place 可视为We couldn’t have found a better place than this place,其意为“我们不可能找到一个比这个地方更好的地方”,即“这是我们所能找到的最好的地方”。

(3) Boris has brains. In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has _____IQ.

A. a high                                                  B. a higher

C. the higher                                             D. the highest

答案选B,句意为“……我怀疑班上有没有哪个人比他智商更高”,即“我认为他可能是班上智商最高的”。

(4) . How cold it is! We’ve never had ______ this winter.

A. the colder day                                       B. a cold day

C. the coldest day                                      D. a colder day

答案选D。句意为“今年冬天我们还从未遇上过这样冷的日子”。

2. Professor White has written some short stories, but he is _____ known for his plays.

A. the best                                                B. more

C. better                                                   D. the most

【陷阱】容易误选D。

【分析】此题首先不宜选B或D,因为 well known 的比较级和最高级通常是 better known和best known,有时也可以是 more well known 和 most well known,但通常不能是 more known 和 most known。至于是选A还是C,这就要看语境。由于句中涉及的只有 stories 和 plays 两个对象,故应选比较级。

3. You are _____ careful than your brother. You two can’t do the work that needs care and skill.  

A. not more                                              B. no more

C. not less                                                D. no less

【陷阱】容易误选A。

【分析】要做对此题,首先要正确理解以下结构的含义:

not more … than = 不如……

no more … than = 和……一样不 (否定两者)

not less … than = 不如……不 (即指不如 less 后形容词的反面)

no less … than = 和……一样 (肯定两者)

比较以下各句的意思:

You are more careful than he is. 你比他仔细。

You are not more careful than he is. 你不如他仔细。

You are no more careful than he is. 你和他一样不仔细。

You are less careful than he is. 你不如他仔细(你比他粗心)。

You are not less careful than he is. 你比他仔细(你不如他粗心)。

You are no less careful than he is. 你和他一样仔细。

通过以上分析,再结合句子语境,可知此题最佳答案为B。

4. “Oh, how fat he is!” “But I think he is ____ than fat.”

A. short                                                    B. shorter

C. more short                                           D. shortest

【陷阱】容易误选B。认为 short为单音节形容词,故用-er构成比较级。

【分析】其实正确答案应是C。要弄清此问题,得先从比较句型的两种不同类型说起:

(1) 异类同质比较:即指两个不同的人或事物(异类)在同一方面(同质)进行比较。如:

My room is smaller than yours. 我的房间比你的小。

Our country is more powerful than theirs. 我们的国家比他们的国家更强大。

(2) 同类异质比较:即指同一个人或事物(同类)在两个不同的方面(异质)进行比较,这类句子常译为“(更多的)是……,而不是”、“与其……不如……”等。如:

He was more lucky than clever.他是靠运气而不是靠聪明。

She was mare surprised than angry. 她感到更多的是惊讶而不是生气。

This is more a war movie than a western. 这更应当说是一部战争片,而不是西部片。

按英语习惯,在进行同类异质比较时,只能用more构成比较级,不能用-er形式,即使是单音节词也是如此。

 

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. In my apartment there are two rooms, _____ is used as a living room.

A. larger one                                             B. the larger of which

C. the largest one                                      D. the largest of which

2. “Are you satisfied with his answer?” “Not at all. It couldn’t have been ____.”

A. better                                                   B. worse

C. more                                                    D. less

3. I’m _____ at sums than Jean, but better at history.

A. more                                                    B. less

C. worse                                                  D. cleverer

4. We couldn’t have picked ______ day for the picnic — it rained nonstop.

A. a worse                                                B. a worst

C. the worse                                             D. the worst

5. I know this is not quite the right word, but I can’t be bothered to think of _____.

A. a better                                                B. a best

C. the better                                              D. the good

6. — Did you enjoy yourself at the party?

—Sorry to say I didn’t. It was ______ a meeting than a party.

A. more like                                              B. quite like

C. less like                                                D. more or less

7. When they arrived at the school it was raining _______ harder.

A. more                                                    B. quite

C. very                                                     D even

8. With the development of the Internet, _______ communication is done by regular mail.

A. less                                                      B. more

C. little                                                     D. few

9. — If you don’t like the red coat, take the blue one.

— OK, but do you have ______ size in blue? This one’s a bit tight for me.

A. a big                                                    B. a bigger

C. the big                                                 D. the bigger

10. If there were no examinations, we should have ______ at school.

A. the happiest time                              B. a more happier time 

C. much happiest time                             D. a much happier time

11. This dress is prettier, but it costs ______ that one.

A. twice more than                                    B. twice as much as

C. as much twice as                                  D. twice so much as

 

【答案与解析】

1. 选B,由于是两个房间,即是两者比较,故宜用比较级,因此排除C和D;又由于两句之间没有连词,故不宜选A。注:若在空格前加上and 一词,则要选A。

2. 选B。此题关键是要理解 Not at all 的意思。根据上文语境,Not at all 为 I am not satisfied at all with his answer 之省略,即表示“我对他的回答一点也不满意”,既然如此,他的回答当然会是 It couldn’t have been worse(不可能更糟)。

3. 选 C,句意为“我的算术比琼差,但我的历史比她强”。注意句中的转折连词 but 及其后的 better。

4. 选A,we couldn’t have picked a worst day 的实际意思是 it is the worst day we’ve picked。

5. 选A,a better 为 a better one 之省略。另外,a better one(一个更好的)是与其前文“我知道这不是一个很适合的词”相呼应的。

6. 选A。根据空格后的than,排除B和D;根据语境,排除C。

7. 选D。more 后不能比较级,故排除A;quite 除用于quite better外,不用于修饰比较,故排除B;very 不用修饰比较级,故排除C。

8. 选A。若选B或C均不合事实;若选D,不合语法,因为few 后要接可数名词的复数形式。

9. 选B。从句意看,空格处应填比较级bigger,因此排除A和C。选项B与D的区别是,一个用了不定冠词,一个用了定冠词,两者的区别是,不定冠词表泛指,定冠词表特指。

10. 选D。由于是将有考试与没有考试作比较,所以应用比较级,不用最高级,由此排除A和C。选项B的错误在于用了more happier这样的双重比较级(即more后不能再加比较级)。

11. 选B。修饰as…as的副词应置于该结构之前。

连词考点

◆典型陷阱题分析◆

1. I’m sorry, _____ I won’t be able to come tonight.

A. for                                                       B. and

C. but                                                      D. then

【陷阱】容易误选A,因为空格后的句子是用以说明 I’m sorry 的原因的,所以便想当然地认为要选for来表示原因。

【分析】事实上,I’m sorry 后习惯上不接表示原因的连词 for,而接表示转折的连词 but(也可省略 but),用以委婉地提出一个使对方不快的事实。又如:

Oh, sorry, but she’s out. 哦,不好意思,她出去了。

I’m sorry, but I have to disagree. 对不起,我不敢苟同。

I’m sorry, but I have already had another appointment. 对不起,我已经有约会了。

注:I’m sorry 后虽然不能接表原因的连词for,但却可接介词 for。如:

I’m sorry for shouting at you. 对不起冲你嚷嚷了。

I am sorry for what I said to you. 我后悔不该对你讲那些话。

2. The point is not who said the words, _____ they are true or not.

A. but whether                                          B. and whether

C. but how                                               D. and how

【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。

【分析】最佳答案为A。此题涉及两个搭配:一是 not … but …(不是……而是……),二是 whether … or not (是否)。请看类例:

He was not an actor, who often appeared on stage, _____ a writer, writing stories.

A. but                                                      B. and

C. then                                                     D. so

答案选A,主要考查 not … but … 结构。

3. Just because they make more money than I do, _____ they seem to look down on me.

A. so                                                        B. and

C. but                                                      D. 不填

【陷阱】但容易误选A,将汉语的“因为……所以……”直译为 because … so …。

【分析】此题正确答案为D,但是按英语语法,because 为从属连词,用以引导原因状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;而 so 在表示“所以”时,它是并列连词,用以连接两个简单句使之成为并列句。由于在同一句中既用了从属连词 because,又用了并列连词 so,使得该句一半像复合句,一半像并列句,从而导致错误。正确的做法是,任意去掉 because 和 so 中的一个,使之要么成为复合句,要么成为并列句。

4. Although he had only entered the contest for fun, _____ he won first prize.

A. but                                                      B. and

C. even                                                    D. 不填

【陷阱】容易误选A,将汉语的“虽然……但是……”直译为 although … but …。

【分析】正确答案选D。按英语语法,although 为从属连词,用以引导让步状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;而 but 在表示“但是”时,它是并列连词,用以连接两个简单句使之成为并列句。由于在同一句中既用了从属连词 although,又用了并列连词 but ,使得该句一半像复合句,一半像并列句,从而导致错误。正确的做法是,任意去掉 although 和 but 中的一个,使之要么成为复合句,要么成为并列句。其实,此题与上面一题的分析思路是一样的。这里顺便说一句,许多同学(包括许多老师和教学参考书)为了便于记忆,将此题与上面一题的知识点简单地归纳为“按英语习惯,because和so不可连用,although 与 but 不可连用”。这种说法在通常情况下无疑是对的,也是有效的,但同学们一定要在明白以上道理的情况下来使用此规则,如果只是死记该规则,有时遇到一些语言特例仍然会出错。如:

But I didn’t know that then, although I learned it later. 但我当时的确不知道此事,尽管后来我还是知道了。

此句既用了并列连词 but,又用了从属连词 although,但它并未造成错误,原因是此句与上面所讨论的情形有所不同,即此句 but 用于 although 之前,but 在此仅起到与上文转折的作用,but 后的 I didn’t know that then, although I learned it later. 仍为一个复合句。

I tried doing the accounts, but although I knew some maths I found it very difficult. 我试着算这些账,但尽管我懂点数学,仍感到很困难。

此句将 but 与 although 用在一起,但此句也没有错误。该句从总体来看,它是一个以并列连词 but 连接的并列句,而在该并列句的后面一句又是一个包含让步状语从句 although I knew some maths 的复合句——这种句型就是所谓的并列复合句。此句也可改写为 I tried doing the accounts, but I found it very difficult although I knew some maths.

5. When the last prize had been awarded _____ everybody cleared off.

A. and                                                      B. so

C. or                                                        D. 不填

【陷阱】容易想当然地误选A。

【分析】句首 when 引导的是一个时间状语从句,它暗示整个句子为复合句;而so, and, or 为并列连词,无论选哪一个,都表明整个句子为并列句,从而导致前后矛盾,所以A、B、C均不能选择。此题正确答案选D,everybody cleared off 为整个复合句的主句。请看类似例子:

(1) If wishes were horses, _____ beggars would ride.

A. and                                                      B. so

C. or                                                        D. 不填

(2) If I’m mistaken, _____ you are mistaken too.

A. so                                                        B. and

C. or                                                        D. 不填

(3) Just before I left London, _____ I sent him a telegram.

A. and                                                      B. so

C. or                                                        D. 不填

(4) After they had each said a few words, _____ Lloyd George took the floor.

A. and                                                      B. so

C. or                                                        D. 不填

答案均选D,空格前分别为 if, when, before, after 引导的状语从句,空格后为整个复合句的主句。

◆精编陷阱题训练◆

1. “Shall we stop for lunch _____ shall we drive on?” “Let’s stop for lunch, but the driver can’t drink _____ drive.”

A. and, and                                               B. or, or

C. and, or                                                 D. or, and

2. “_____ when does the pub stay open?”  “About midnight.”

A. Since                                                   B. Before

C. Until                                                    D. After

3. “Would you like tea _____ coffee?” “_____, thanks.”

A. or, No                                                  B. and, Either

C. or, Neither                                            D. and, Each

4. He imagines that people don’t like him, _____ they do.

A. and                                                      B. then

C. so                                                        D. but

5. I firmly believe _____ he said at the meeting was right.

A. that                                                      B. which

C. that what                                              D. what that

6. Will you deliver, _____ do I have to come to the shop to collect the goods?

A. and                                                      B. or

C. so                                                        D. then

7. It shocked me to see ______ my neighbors treated their children.

A. why                                                     B. whether

C. how                                                     D. since

8. _____ the government agrees to give extra money , the theatre will have to close.

A. Until                                                    B. Unless

C. Since                                                   D. While

9. We were just about ready to leave _____ it started to snow.

A. when                                                   B. before

C. after                                                    D. since

10. —I don’t like chicken _______ fish.

—I don’t like chicken, _______ I like fish very much.

A. and, and                                            B. and, but

C. or, but                                               D. or, and

11. —Would you like to come to dinner tonight?

—I’d like to, ___ I’m too busy.

A. and                                                      B. so

C. as                                                        D. but

【答案与解析】

1. 选D,第一空填 or,表选择;第二空填 and,can’t drink and drive 指不能同时既喝酒又开车,即不能酒后开车。

2. 选C,句意为“这家酒店开门到什么?(或这家酒店什么时候关门?)”

3. 选C,选项A用No来回答选择疑问句,不妥;选项B用 and 连接 tea 与 coffee,说明问句并非提供选择,而答语却用了 either 这样表选择性的词语,也不妥;选项D与语境不符。

4. 选D,前后意思转折,故选 but。注:but they do = but they like him。

5. 选C,that 为引导宾语从句的连词,在 that what he said at the meeting was right 这一宾语从句中,又包含有what he said at the meeting 这一主语从句,而在该主语从句中,what用作动词 said 的宾语。

6. 选B,or 表选择。

7. 选C。how 修饰谓语动词 treated。

8. 选B,从句意推知。

9. 选A,when 在此用作并列连词,意为“这时(突然)”。

10. 选C。第一空填 or,在否定词后用or,表示否定两者;第二空填but,表示转折。

11. 选D。but表转折,符合语意。而表并列的and, 结果的so,原因的as都不符合句意。

 

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