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本人编写的《字母、音素和音标》一书,已由中国海洋大学出版社出版,我还编有《初中学业水平考试英语中考全攻略》、《武曾平六步教学法之新课标七、八、九年级英语全突破》(六三制)四本(其中,8年级分上下册)、《武曾平六步教学法之六、七、八、九年级英语全突破》(五四制)四本,还编有一本《英文圆体字字帖》。一本《新课标初中英语中考语法》正在编写中。快快乐乐学英语,学好英语更快乐!

Words and Expressions of Unit 1 Breaking records  

2011-05-25 07:49:46|  分类: 高中英语必修 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Words and Expressions of Unit 1 Breaking records

 

approximate

adj. (abbr. approx) almost correct or accurate, more or less近似的;大概的:

an approximate number / total / cost  The cost given is only approximate.

conventional

adj. [usually before noun] following what is traditional or the way sth has been done for a long time习俗的,传统的

conventional methods / approaches

It’s not a hotel, in the conventional sense, but rather a whole village turned into a hotel.

laughter

noun [U] the act or sound of laughing笑;笑声

: to roar with laughter tears/gales / peals / shrieks of laughter

 to burst / dissolve into laughter

He gave a snort of derisive laughter.

reality

noun (pl. -ies)quality or state of being real:

She refuses to face reality.

The reality is that there is not enough money to pay for this project.

 This decision reflects the realities of the political situation. 

 Will time travel ever become a reality?

adjustment

noun [C, U] 1. a small change made to sth in order to correct or improve it: 调整

I’ve made a few adjustments to the design. 

Some adjustment of the lens may be necessary.

2. a change in the way a person behaves or thinks: 调节

 She went through a period of emotional adjustment after her marriage broke up.

tough

adj. (tougher, toughest) difficultstrong困难的,强硬的

 a tough childhood  It was a tough decision to make.

 She’s been having a tough time of it (= a lot of problems) lately. 

He faces the toughest test of his leadership so far. 

The school takes a tough line on (= punishes severely) cheating. G

extreme

adj.1. [usually before noun] very great in degree; serious or severe极端的;偏激的: We are working under extreme pressure at the moment.

People living in extreme poverty

 extreme weather conditions

unfit 不适宜的;不太健康的

adj. 1. ~ (for sth)| ~ (to eat, drink, live in, etc.)| ~ (to do sth) not of an acceptable standard; not suitable:

The housing was unfit for human habitation.

Most of the buildings are unfit to live in.  They described him as unfit to govern. 

 2. ~ for sth| ~ to do sth not capable of doing sth, for example because of illness:

 The company’s doctor found that she was unfit to carry out her normal work.

3. (especially BrE) (of a person) not in good physical condition; not fit,

The captain is still unfit and will miss tonight’s game. 

fascinate 

verb to attract or interest sb greatly:使着迷;入迷

It was a question that had fascinated him since he was a boy. meditation

urge

verb1. to beg orto advise or try hard to persuade sb to do sth: 催促,力劝

She urged him to stay. 

Police are urging anyone who saw the accident to contact them immediately.

The report urged that all children be taught to swim.

The situation is dangerous and the UN is urging caution.

urge sb on to encourage sb to do sth or support them so that they do it better: She could hear him urging her on as she ran past.

accomplish

verb[vn] to succeed in doing or completing sth,  achieve:完成,实现

The first part of the plan has been safely accomplished.

 I don’t feel I’ve accomplished very much today. 

motivation

noun [C, U]:act or state of providing sb. With a reason or cause for doing sth动机 What is the motivation behind this sudden change? 

All research proposals must be accompanied by a full motivation.

devotion

noun ~ (to sb/sth) [U, sing.] great love, care and support for sb/sth; the action of spending a lot of time or energy on sth热爱;投入

His devotion to his wife and family is touching.

 Her devotion to the job left her with very little free tim

soul

noun  the spiritual part of a person, believed to exist after death:灵魂,精神,心灵

 He believed his immortal soul was in peril. 

The howling wind sounded like the wailing of lost souls (= the spirits of dead people who are not in heaven).

sacred

adj.  connected with God or a god; considered to be holy:宗教的;神圣的;庄严的

 a sacred image / shrine / temple  sacred music 

 Some companies offer five-year plans but there is nothing sacred about this length of time (= it can be changed).

deed

noun (formal, literary) a thing that sb does that is usually very good or very bad  act: kind thing that you do;行为;功绩

a brave / charitable / evil / good deed  a tale of heroic deeds

I took Sarah’s children to school so I’ve done my good deed for the day.

conception

noun  [U] the process of forming an idea or a plan: 主意,计划

The plan was brilliant in its conception but failed because of lack of money.

tact

noun [U] the ability to deal with difficult or embarrassing situations carefully and without doing or saying anything that will annoy or upset other people 技巧;老练 Settling the dispute required great tact and diplomacy.

She is not exactly known for her tact.

regret 

verb (-tt-) to feel sorry about sth you have done or about sth that you have not been able to do:后悔;感到抱歉

She regretted the words the moment they were out of her mouth.

He bitterly regretted ever having mentioned it.

repentance

noun [U] ~ (for sth) the fact of showing that you are sorry for sth wrong that you have done  contrition, remorse: 后悔

He shows no sign of repentance.

 The book speaks of the need for repentance and atonement.

noble

adj. (nobler); (noblest)

. having fine personal qualities that people admire, such as courage, honesty and care for others:高尚的;高贵的

 a noble leader  noble ideals  He died for a noble cause.

 It was very noble of you to go so far to take him home.

doom

noun [U] death or destruction; any terrible event that you cannot avoid: 注定;判决

to meet your doom

 She had a sense of impending doom (= felt that sth very bad was going to happen).

verb [vn] [usually passive] ~ sb/sth (to sth) to make sb/sth certain to fail, suffer, die, etc.: The plan was doomed to failure.

juggle

verb . ~ (with sth) to throw a set of three or more objects such as balls into the air and catch and throw them again quickly, one at a time:耍把戏,玩杂耍

 [v] to juggle with balls  My uncle taught me to juggle. 

[vn] (figurative) I was juggling books, shopping bags and the baby (= I was trying to hold them all without dropping them).

entire

adj. whole; complete。全部的,完整的

The entire village was destroyed. 

I have never in my entire life heard such nonsense!

attain

verb [vn]  to succeed in getting sth, usually after a lot of effort: formal) to reach a particular age, level or condition:达到;获得

Most of our students attained five ‘A’ grades in their exams.

 appreciate

verb to understand and enjoy sth.; to be thankful for:鉴赏,感激

 You can’t really appreciate foreign literature in translation.  

I would appreciate it if you paid in cash.

 [v -ing] I don’t appreciate being treated like a second-class citizen.

 [vn -ing] We would appreciate you letting us know of any problems.

salary  

noun (pl. -ies) money that employees receive for doing their job, especially professional employees or people working in an office, usually paid every month: 薪水

an annual salary of $40 000  a 9% salary increase

 She’s on a salary of ?24 000.  He gets a basic salary plus commission.

wage

noun [sing.] (also wages [pl.]) a regular amount of money that you earn, usually every week, for work or services:工资

a weekly wage of ?200  wage cuts

The staff have agreed to a voluntary wage freeze (= a situation in which wages are not increased for a time).  living wage, minimum wage

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