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Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected. 课文知识点详解—Section B  

2015-04-06 08:01:43|  分类: 新版九年级英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected

 

课文知识点详解

 

Section B

 

1. 【解析】fool (1) n. 傻子 呆子    (2) v. 愚弄 欺骗

             foolish adj. 愚蠢的

    on April Fool’s Day 愚人节  make a fool of sb. 愚弄某人

 He is a fool. 他是一个呆子。(名词)

 We can’t fool our teach. 我们不能欺骗我们的教师。(动词)

What do you do on April_________(Fool) Day?

I was _________(fool) enough to believe what he told me.

2. 【解析】embarrass v 使尴尬→embarrassed adj. 尴尬的(用来修饰人)(1a)

         embarrassing adj. 令人难堪的((修饰物)

I was _______________(embarrass) when the boy asked me the question.

(   ) She was ____when they kept telling her how clever she was.

A. embarrass           B. embarrassed      C. embarrassing

2011湖北·武汉】 40. - I wore sports shoes to the ball yesterday evening by mistake!

              - Oh, dear, you must be very _____ at the ball!

        A. embarrassed        B. satisfied          C. tired       D. surprised

3. Last Friday night, my friend invited me to his birthday party (1b)

【解析】invite v invitation  n邀请

(1) invite sb. to do sth 邀请某人做某事

2014吉林】27. Lets call up Jim and invite ______to play football.

            A. he                  B. him              C. his

(2)invite sb. to +地点 邀请某人去某地

       We invited him _______(join) us to practice speaking English.

       He invited a lot of friends _________(come) to his birthday party.

(     )I’d invite her ________ dinner at my house tomorrow.

           A. have     B. to have     C. having    D. had

(     ) She was very pleased because we invited ____ to stay with us at ___ house.

          A. she; we    B.her; our    C. her; ours   D. hers; us

2014黄冈】Claudia, are you going to Jeffs birthday party on Saturday?

             Unless I______ .

     A. will be invited      B. am invited   C. was inviting     D. invited

2014威海4Tom! I looked for you everywhere at the party last night.

             Oh, I _______ to the party.

    A. am invited         B. was invited    C. am not invited   D. wasnt invited

4.the other kids showed up (1d)

   【解析】show up 出席

【短语】:on show =on display 展览

show off 炫耀          show sb. around 带某人参观

show sb. sth=show sth to sb 向某人展示某物

(   )Why didn’t you show ___at the meeting yesterday? We kept waiting for a long  time.

      A. up          B. around        C. off        D. on

(   ) He didn’t show _______ until the meeting was over.

     A. on           B. out           C. in         D. up

2013湖北宜昌】33. —It’s everyone’s duty to join the Clean Your Plate Campaign.

                   —Sure. We should try to _______ all the food that we’ve ordered.

     A. give up        B. eat up        C. turn up    D. show up

2014湖北武汉】38. I used to _______ with my wife and watch TV movies at home.

     A. show up       B. wake up      C. come up    D. stay up

5. April Fools Day is a celebration that takes place in different countries around the world.

   愚人节一种发生在世界上不同国家的庆祝活动。(2b)

【解析】take place “发生;进行;举行;产生”。

【辨析】:happen take place

 

happen

常指具体的事物的发生,特别指那些偶然的“发生”。不及物动词,没有被动语态sth happen to sb 意为某人发生某事

后接不定式,表示“碰巧;恰好”之意。

happen to do sth 意为‘‘碰巧做某事’’

take place

1“发生”, 也无被动语态,指经过安排或计划地发生。

2“举行”The sports meeting will take place in our school

【小试牛刀】用happentake place填空。

1. When will the basketball match between Class 3 and Class 4 _____?

2. I ____ to have read the article when he asked me about it.

3. When will the ceremony _____?

4. That accident _____ at the corner.

2014扬州4Could you tell me _______?     In August, 2014.

    A. where will the Youth Olympic Games take place

    B. when will the Youth Olympic Games take place

    C. where the Youth Olympic Games will take place

    D. when the Youth Olympic Games will take place

2014淮安112. The 18th Jiangsu Provincial Games will ______ in September. Many students want to be volunteers.

       A. take place        B. take part   C. take action              D. take care

2014四川泸州】7. Can you tell me what happened         him just now?

  A. with              B. for             C. to              D. at

2014山东菏泽】Look, so many people are running out of the station. I wonder what ____.

   A. is happened    B.was happening    C.is happening   D. had happened

6. It happens on April 1st every year and is a day when many people play all kinds of tricks and jokes on each other. 愚人节是每年的四月一日,在这一天,人们互相捉弄开各种玩笑。(2b)

【解析】play tricks on sb. “捉弄某人”,

        play jokes on sb.“对某人开玩笑

(     ) It's impolite to laugh at, stare at or play _____on disabled people  

       A. fun          B. jokes          C. tricks       D. parts

【连接】laugh at 嘲笑make fun of 取笑;使……开玩笑

7. Many people ran to their local supermarkets to buy buy as much as spaghetti as they could. 很多人跑到当地的超市抢购尽可能多的意大利面条。(2b)

【解析】as +形容词/副词的原级+ as sb. can / could 意为“尽可能地……”,在句中作状语。

        as +形容词/副词的原级+ as sb. can / could = as + 形容词/副词原级+ as possible.

We must do everything as possible. = We must do everything as well as we can.

  我们要尽量做好每一件事。

【追踪训练】翻译下面的句子。

1. 我已经把书尽可能多地给你送来了。

I have sent you ___ ____ ____ ____ ____.

2. 这只猫想要尽快吃掉这些食物。

  The cat wants to eat out the food __ __ __ __

8. By the time people realized that the story was a hoax, all of the spaghetti across the country had been sold out(2b)当人们意识到这是个骗局时,全国所有的意大利面都销售一空了

【解析】sell out 卖光 (用物作主语时,常用于被动语态 be sold out

     The next day the bookshops sold out. 第二天书店就卖断了货。

【拓展】out 构成的短语:

  give out 分发  hand out 分发  work out 得出结果   run out of 用完

  go out 出去   find out 查明    look out 当心       take out 拿出

(    ) Do you have Nokia E72 mobiles?

      Sorry, they have been ____ . You may come next time.

      A. given out      B. looked out    C. sold out    D. come out

9.  By the end of the day, more than 10,000 people had phoned the TV station to find out how to get the water. 一天之内有一万多人打电话给电视台,询问如何弄到这种水。(2b)

【解析】find out “找出,查明,弄清楚”,后可接名词名词性短语或宾语从句

【辨析】find out, look for find

(1)find out 强调经过调查、询问、研究等曲折过程后才能找出。如:

       Please find out when the train leaves. 请查明火车什么时间离开。

(2)look for 意为“寻找”,强调寻找的过程。如:

       I'm looking for it everywhere.我正在到处找它。

(3)find 意为“发现,找到”,强调寻找的结果。如:

       I can't find my pet dog.我找不到我的宠物狗。

【易错题】 42. The policemen will go to_________the truth.

  A. find    B. find out    C. decide    D. look for

10.Many April Fools jokes may end up being not very funny.(2b)

【解析】end up (doing sth.)(以…)结束;最终成为;最后处于

I must make good use of my spare time, or I will end up doing nothing.

      我必须充分利用空闲的时间,否则我的生命将会在无所事事中告终。

 end up sth. 表示“结束某事”。

  The scientist ended up his speech at last.那个科学家最后结束了演讲。

end up with sth. (以……)结束

The students began with speaking English, but ended up with speaking Chinese.

 同学们以说英语开始,却以说汉语结束。

2014杭州】The boats take different routes, but they all____ in the same place.

       A.give up               B. clear up            C. end up                    D. make up

11. He asked her to marry him. 他向她求婚。(2b)

【解析2marry v嫁娶 

(1)A marry B. “A B结婚

Bill married Mary on January 1, 1994.

(2) A and B get married = A and B are married  AB结婚

get married 结婚

    Kate and Tom get married last year.

(3) marry A to B “ A 嫁给B”

  She married her daughter to a rich man.

(4) be married to sb ……结婚

       .My aunt got_____________(marry) last year.

      .When did Sue and Jack___________(结婚).

(   ) Betty, did your son get married in the year 2000.

         Yes , he _____ for about eight years.

      A. has married    B. has been married   C. has got married  D. was married

12.In that month in 1938, actor Orson Welles announced on his radio program that aliens from Mars had landed on the earth. 1938年的那个月,演员奥森.威尔斯在他的广播节目中宣布火星人已经登陆地球。(2b)

【解析1 land on 意为“着陆;降落于”,反义词组为take off

13. Wells made it sound so real that hundreds of people believed the story, and fear spread across the whole country. (2b)

威尔斯说得如此逼真,以至于数以百计的人相信了这个故事,恐怖席卷了整个国家

【解析】 hundred n     hundreds of 数以百的

2014山东东营】When he arrived at the airport, Lee Minho found that ____ fans were

                  waiting for him there.

    A. hundred               B. hundreds             C. hundred of         D. hundreds of

2014重庆中考B卷】26. Yesterday _______ people came to the town t o watch the car race.

A. hundreds          B. hundred          C. hundreds of      D. hundred of

2014江苏淮安】5. Sam enjoyed collecting. He has collected over three _______stamps.

       A. hundred             B. hundreds            C. hundred of         D. hundreds of

         thousand n    thousands of成千上万的

2014江苏宿迁】Thousands of ________ (visitor) come to my hometown Suqian every year.

2014贵州遵义It is very cool in Guizhou in summer, so ___ people come here for vacation.

    A. two thousands       B. thousands of      C. thousand of

         million n 百万   millions of成百万的

2014黑龙江龙东】28. _ _______fans would like to go to Brazil to watch the World Cup.

                  A. Million of                    B. Millions of                C. Millions

【注】:(1)hundred/ thousand/million 前面有具体的数字时,用单数形式

(2)hundred/ thousand/million 后与of 连用时用复数形式,

【口诀】:具体的不加s 也不加of,不具体的加s 也加of

2013云南中考】— How many people were invited to the meeting?

                 About six ____.

     A. hundred    B. hundreds    C. hundred of   D. hundreds of

14. How did you feel about this day? 今天你感觉怎么样?(3a)

【解析】How do you feel about…? = What do you think of…?= How do you like…?

  “你怎样看待……?”  用于提问对方对某事物的观点

How do you feel about the talk show? 你觉得这个访谈节目怎么样?

【解析2 take off ”“起飞”。

Be careful! The plane is going to land on the airport. 小心点!飞机马上要降落于飞机场了

【拓展】与off相关的短语

keep off 隔离

drop off 放下,下车

take off 脱下,(飞机起飞

set off 出发,开始

hurry off 匆匆离开

turn off 关上,关闭

2013福建福州】Remember to_________ _______(关掉)the tap when you are not using it.

2013福建泉州】—Mom, it's too hot today.

                Oh, dear!, Why don't you_________(脱下)your sweater?

16.I’m so glad that I cancel my plan to go to the market. 我如此高兴以至于我取消了去市场的计划。(self Check)

【解析】so that “那么(表程度)、如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句。so 后跟形容词/副词,so that …引导的复合句可转换成简单句。

that从句是否定结构,that从句的主语与主句的主语相同时,可用too to …替换。不相同时,可用too for sb. to do…替换。

The boy is so young that he can’t go to school.

 = The boy is too young to go to school. 这个男孩太小了,不能上学。

The suit was so expensive that I could not afford it.

= The suit was too expensive for me to afford. 这衣服太贵,我买不起。

that从句是肯定结构,that从句的主语与主句的不相同时,可用…enough for sb. to do …替换。相同时,可用…enough to do…替换。

He ran so slowly that I could catch up with him.

= He ran slowly enough for me to catch up with him. 他跑得很慢,我能赶上他。

He ran so fast that he won the race.

= He ran fast enough to win the race. 他跑得很快,赢得了比赛。

【追踪训练】将下面的句子改为同义句。

1. He is so weak that he could walk for a long time.

 =He is ____ weak _____ walk for a long time.

2. The problem is so difficult that I can’t work it out.

=The problem is ___ ___ ___ ___ ____ work it out.

3. The book is so interesting that most students like reading it.

 =  The book is interesting ___ ____ ____ ___ ___ like reading it.

4. She was so lucky that she got the job.

 = She was lucky ____ ____ get the job.

2014宜宾】 The old man was so_______ the good news that he couldnt say a word.

      A. interested in      B. excited about   C. afraid of               D. worried about

(    ) Jack, could you help me ____ when the plane will take off on the Internet?

        I’m sorry, my computer doesn’t work.

    A. get out    B. look out   C. take out   D. find out

 

 

Unit 12 Life is full of the unexpected. 课文知识点详解—Section B - 快乐英语 - 学好英语 改变人生

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