4 Chapter 4: Chaos Stratagems 第四套：混战计
extracting the firewood from under the cauldron
Take out the leading argument or asset of someone; "steal someone's thunder". This is the very essence of indirect approach: instead of attacking enemy's fighting forces, the attacks are directed against his ability to wage war.
muddling the water to catch the fish; fishing in troubled waters
Create confusion and use this confusion to further your own goals.
slipping away by casting off a cloak; getting away like the cicada sloughing its skin
yourself. Either leave on
This strategy is mainly used to escape from enemy of superior strength.
catching the thief by closing / blocking his escape route
capture your enemy, or more generally in fighting wars, to deliver the final
blow to your enemy, you must plan prudently if you want to succeed. Do not rush
befriending the distant enemy while attacking a nearby enemy
It is known that nations that border each other become enemies while nations separated by distance and obstacles make better allies.
you are the strongest in on
attacking the enemy by passing through a common neighbor
the resources of an ally to attack a common enemy. On
5 Chapter 5: Proximate Stratagems 第五套：并战计
stealing the beams and pillars and replacing them with rotten timbers
Disrupt the enemy's formations, interfere with their methods of operations, change the rules in which they are used to following, go contrary to their standard training.
In this way you remove the supporting pillar, the common link that makes a group of men an effective fighting force.
reviling/abusing the locust tree while pointing to the mulberry
To discipline, control, or warn others whose status or position excludes them from direct confrontation; use analogy and innuendo. Without directly naming names, those accused cannot retaliate without revealing their complicity.
feigning madness without becoming insane
Hide behind the mask of a fool, a drunk, or a madman to create confusion about your intentions and motivations. Lure your opponent into underestimating your ability until, overconfident, he drops his guard. Then you may attack.
removing the ladder after the enemy has climbed up the roof
With baits and deceptions, lure your enemy into treacherous terrain. Then cut off his lines of communication and avenue of escape. To save himself, he must fight both your own forces and the elements of nature.
putting artificial flowers on trees
Tying silk blossoms on a dead tree gives the illusion that the tree is healthy. Through the use of artifice and disguise, make something of no value appear valuable; of no threat appear dangerous; of no use appear useful.
turning from the guest into the host
Usurp leadership in a situation where you are normally subordinate. Infiltrate your target. Initially, pretend to be a guest to be accepted, but develop from inside and become the owner later.
6 Chapter 6: Desperate Stratagems 第六套：败战计
using seductive women to corrupt the enemy
Send your enemy beautiful women to cause discord within his camp. This strategy can work on three levels.
the ruler becomes so enamoured with the beauty that he neglects his duties and
allows his vigilance to wane.
Second, other males at court will begin to display aggressive behaviour that inflames minor differences hindering co-operation and destroying morale.
Third, other females at court, motivated by jealousy and envy, begin to plot intrigues further exacerbating the situation.
presenting a bold front to conceal unpreparedness
When the enemy is superior in numbers and your situation is such that you expect to be overrun at any moment, then drop all pretense of military preparedness, act calmly and taunt the enemy, so that the enemy will think you have a huge ambush hidden for them.
It works best by acting calm and at ease when your enemy expects you to be tense.
sowing discord among the enemy
Undermine your enemy's ability to fight by secretly causing discord between him and his friends, allies, advisors, family, commanders, soldiers, and population. While he is preoccupied settling internal disputes, his ability to attack or defend is compromised.
deceiving the enemy by torturing on
Pretending to be injured has two possible applications. In the first, the enemy is lulled into relaxing his guard since he no longer considers you to be an immediate threat.
The second is a way of ingratiating yourself to your enemy by pretending the injury was caused by a mutual enemy.
decamping being the best; running away as the best choice
becomes obvious that your current course of act
is complete defeat, compromise is half defeat, but escape is not defeat.
As long as you are not defeated, you still have a chance.This is the most famous of the stratagems, immortalized in the form of a Chinese idiom: "Of the Thirty-Six Stratagems, fleeing is best".
点击图片， 进入“第二课堂”栏目， 更多精彩等着您......